Astronomy, spirituality and spacetime technology: more symbols for the legendary Quetzalcoatl in English crop pictures

Who makes modern crop pictures? The major newspapers and TV tell you that "they are made by people". Yet practically everyone who has studied this particular subject for themselves, in any kind of factual detail, knows that is not true: see for example
In three previous essays on this website, I found that those amazing and complex field patterns often use an ancient Sun-Venus calendar to count time in our modern era. Furthermore, they sometimes show the symbols of a legendary god-king known as "Quetzalcoatl-Kukulcan" to the original natives of central America, or "Pahana-Awanyu" to the native people of north America:
What interesting clues! Today we know about that ancient Sun-Venus calendar mainly from the Dresden Codex, which was one of only four native Mayan texts not burned by invading Spanish priests: "The Dresden Codex, one of four surviving Mayan chronicles, contains an extensive tabulation of the appearances of Venus, and was used to predict the future." (see
Quetzalcoatl-Kukulkan supposedly taught those central American people all about astronomy, calendars, mathematics, agriculture, building, human morality and religion. In north America he was known to the Hopis as Pahana or "lost white brother". Indeed, without some kind of outside help, how could they have gotten so far? "While Europe was still in the Dark Ages, those central American people mapped the heavens, developed a writing system, and became masters of mathematics. They also invented some of the calendars that we still use today." (see
So what is going on here? Who was Quetzalcoatl, and why should his long-forgotten Sun-Venus calendar appear today in English crop pictures, along with other symbols of his once legendary presence? In order to address that question, I made a careful survey of the CCC archives from 1990 to 2007, and looked for any crop pictures that might contain references to Quetzalcoatl under any of his pseudonyms such as "feathered serpent", "Venus" or "lost white brother".
Yet I have omitted from discussion any "five pointed star" symbols for Venus, which are fairly common in English crops: see for example
Bythorn of September 3, 1993 on The reason is that such five-pointed stars may refer to the planet Venus itself, rather than to Quetzalcoatl, who simply taught the ancient Olmecs and Mayans all about Venus.
The "Grand Conjunction" crop picture of June 12, 1999 was signed by Quetzalcotal ("the feathered serpent") in a nearby field
There was a rare grand conjunction of five planets, the Sun and the Moon on May 5, 2000 (see Slightly less than one year earlier on June 12, 1999, a spectacular crop picture of 700 feet in length appeared at East Field, and described what would happen on that day (see the left-hand side of the figure below):   

It showed a precise linear alignment in the sky (as seen from Earth) of five different planets plus the Sun and Moon, using a unique type of astronomical symbolism that may have been used by astronomer-priests in ancient cultures on Earth (see Similar symbols also appear in dumbbell-type petroglyphs from north or central America, and mean there "motion of the Sun or Moon" (see or Finally, a few parts of that long-forgotten astronomical symbolism have come down to us today in terms of the symbols used for aspects of the planets in astrology: for example "conjunction", "opposition" or "semi-square" (see
So much for "Doug and Dave", or any other concept of human fakery! Some great astronomer with a detailed knowledge of ancient science on Earth had to have made that crop picture. But who? Well, seemingly he told us directly, so that there would be no mystery or mis-interpretation, but most of us refused to listen. Thus in the nearby field adjoining that spectacular 700-foot-long crop picture, there appeared the image of a "feathered serpent", which in Mayan or Aztec culture stands for none other than the legendary Quetzalcoatl-Kukulkan (see the right-hand side of the figure above, or
Another crop picture from Barbury Castle on August 5, 1999 showed a schematic image of "Serpent Mound"
Two months later at Barbury Castle on August 5, 1999, another snake-like crop picture appeared (see the left-hand side of the figure below): 

In retrospect, one can see that it was meant to represent some kind of "feathered serpent", or more precisely the detailed shape of a great earthwork called "Serpent Mound" that was built by the Fort Ancient people in north America around 1070 AD, in the vicinity of modern-day Ohio (see the right-hand side of the figure above). more detailed plan and aerial view of Serpent Mound are shown below:  

Modern archaeologists believe that it was laid out with careful respect to the four compass points North, South, East, West, so that a "V' shape in the snake's neck would point to sunset on the summer solstice (June 20) at that particular latitude:
Yet another crop picture from Serpent Mound on August 24, 2003 showed the location of sunset on any equinox  
Somewhat surprisingly, Serpent Mound in Ohio was also the location of a rare American crop picture on August 24, 2003: 

That crop picture seemed to show the four compass points N, S, E, W, as well as a "pointer" that pointed due West toward sunset on either equinox (spring or fall). It was aligned geographically (see the large red arrow) in a field direction of due West, past the "snake's tail" (see
The Pyramid of Kukulcan (Quetzalcoatl) in Chichen Itza shows the shadow of a "serpent" on any equinox
Much further south in modern Mexico, one can again see a huge serpent shape on any equinox! Thus, the shadow of a "slithering serpent" descends from the sky to the ground along one face of the Pyramid of Kukulkan (Quetzalcoatl) at Chichen Itza, twice each year on the spring and autumn equinoxes: 

"For over a thousand years, the rays of the setting sun have cast a spectacular shadow on this great Mayan pyramid. During each of two yearly equinoxes, the shadow of the Feathered Serpent Kukulcan or Quetzalcoatl appears on the northern stairway, and then vanishes." (see or
Both Serpent Mound in modern-day Ohio, and the Pyramid of Kukulcan in modern-day Mexico, represent clear and unambiguous evidence that there once lived a teacher-god called Quetzalcotal-Kukulkan in those regions, whose symbol was a "feathered serpent".
A "Seven Chakra" crop picture on July 20, 2004 was signed by Quetzalcoatl ("Venus") in the same field 
Now back to modern England. Have there been any more crop pictures that show Quetzalcotal-type motifs, other than the two mentioned above? Yes indeed! For example at Pewsey on July 20, 2004, we saw an amazing "Seven Chakra" picture which depicted the seven different chakras or spiritual centres of the human body, from "crown" down to "third eye, throat, heart, solar plexus, spleen or root": 

Those seven chakras have been recognized in many cultures on Earth, since the very beginnings of civilization here (see for example or Yet they are generally denied by contemporary Western science, because the concept postulates an organized form of life energy known as "spirit" that most Western scientists do not accept.
Nevertheless, sometimes we need to listen to those more knowledgeable than ourselves! Thus, not far away in the same field from where that "Seven Chakra" picture was drawn, there appeared on the same day yet another kind of symbol for the legendary Quetzalcoatl: this time in the shape of a "four-armed cross" (see the figure above, right-hand side).
That was how the Mayans and Aztecs symbolized planet Venus. And since Quetzalcoatl taught them all about the astronomy of Venus, as well as their 52-year Sun-Venus calendar, they often equated Venus with the great teacher himself. The "wiggly" nature of each of its four arms adds the connotation of "serpent", as a nice artistic touch.
A "Serpent" crop picture on July 29, 2004 showed symbols for Quetzalcoatl ("Venus-serpent") from north American petro glyphs
Only one week later on July 29, 2004, yet another serpent-type crop picture appeared at West Overton: 

Its serpent-like shape matches closely several rock art inscriptions or petro glyphs made in southwest America 1000 to 2000 years ago (right-hand side of the figure above). Those particular petro glyphs are known to modern archaeologists as "Quetzal crosses", because they show two different symbols for Quetzalcoatl ("serpent" and "Venus") in close proximity to one another.
Only three days later on August 2, 2004 at Silbury Hill, a now famous "Mayan Sunstone" crop picture appeared and made worldwide news
 (see Originally there was some controversy, because its indicated calendar end-date of (2004.6 + 8.67) = 2013.3 or late March 2013 did not agree with another expected end-date of December 21, 2012 for an end to the Mayan Long Count calendar. But on further study, it became clear that the Mayans and Aztecs kept two different calendars.
One calendar would end on December 21, 2012 (their "Long Count"), while the other calendar would end on March 28, 2013 as shown at Silbury Hill (their Sun-Venus calendar). None of the supposed human fakers would have had the faintest idea about that second, obscure Mayan calendar. Furthermore, the same long-forgotten Sun-Venus calendar has been shown in many other crop pictures over the past ten years
 (see Who else could possibly teach us all of these things, except for Quetzalcoatl and his colleagues?
The Hopi legend of Pahana or "Lost White Brother"
When he and his colleagues lived and taught on Earth many thousands of years ago (almost like an interstellar "Peace Corps"), Quetzalcoatl-Kukulkan seemingly taught not only in central America to the Olmecs or Mayans, but also in north America to many native tribes there such as the Pueblo, Anasazi or Fort Ancient. To them he was known as "Pahana" or "Awanyu". The Hopi people in particular kept detailed oral histories about him, including what would happen someday when he returned:
"Pahana is the Lost White Brother of the Hopi. Most legends have it that Pahana left for the east at a time when the Hopi entered the Fourth World and began their migrations. However, the Hopi say that he will return again; and at his coming the wicked will be destroyed, and a new age of peace will be ushered in. Their legend of the Pahana seems intimately connected with the Aztec story of Quetzalcoatl from central America. Such similarity is furthered by the common representation of Pahana-Awanyu in Hopi or Pueblo art as a horned or plumed serpent. Those figures bear a striking resemblance to images of Quetzalcoatl the feathered serpent in Mexico." (see

"My people await Pahana, the lost White Brother from the stars, as do all of our brothers in the land. He will not be like the white men we know now, who are cruel and greedy. We were told of their coming long ago. But still we await Pahana."---White Feather of the Hopi,1960 (see

Several remarkable crop pictures suggest that those crop artists are capable of time travel

Are these crop images being sent to us from the distant past, by the historical Quetzalcoatl or his colleagues? Possibly, but we cannot know for sure. Another possibility is that those crop artists have some kind of messaging capability through space or time, which uses in physics what is known as as a "wormhole" or "closed time-like curve".

"As time is incorporated into the structure of space-time, the theory of general relativity becomes filled with closed time-like curves. A closed time-like curve allows for time travel, in the sense that any observer who travels on a trajectory through space-time along such a curve will return to some event that coincides with his departure." (see F. Lobo and P. Crawford, NATO Science. Series II 95, 289-296, 2003).

Thus, some of those crop artists may have lived on Earth in the distant past: say in the Avebury region of England, central America or Germany, but that does not mean they are located there "now". A more precise way of describing this situation would be to say that they are still "connected" to our present time and space by means of a space-time wormhole or "conduit", as described at Crabwood in 2002

One end of that conduit might open regularly in southern England, 50 times every summer, so as to create new crop pictures, but we can't be sure where the other end is located. In our past? In our future? Somewhere else in the solar system? Around a distant star? Or in another universe entirely? Once any crop picture is made, then the wormhole closes and we see nothing.

That is why at Crabwood 2002 they said "conduit closing" to end their message (see Does everyone understand now? Other phrases such as "much pain but still time" or "believe: there is good out there" also indicate some type of space-time messaging.

Actual photographs of a micro-wormhole opening and closing, in the vicinity of a newly made crop picture, were shown by filmmaker Terje Toftenes in a seminar last summer (see also his DVD "Crossovers from another dimension" as cited on or

Most academic scientists from the 18th century refused to believe in meteorites (has anything changed?)

Most modern physicists refuse to even look at these strange but important data, in the same way that other academics from the past refused to look through Galileo's small telescope, or refused to believe that "rocks could fall from the sky".

"The idea that stones can fall out of the sky was scornfully denounced by the Académie Française as an unscientific absurdity. Antoine Lavoisier told his fellow Academicians, 'Stones cannot fall from the sky, because there are no stones in the sky!' The concept of meteorites was thus condemned as nothing but medieval illusions and old wives' tales. Embarrassed museums all over Europe hurriedly threw out their cherished meteorite collections, as humiliating anachronisms from a superstitious past. Farmers who came to the Académie with samples of meteorites were laughingly shown to the door, and denounced as superstitious peasants.

On the night of April 26, 1803 however, perceptions began to change. On that night the people of L'Aigle were awoken by the thunderous noise of more than 2000 rocks falling from the sky. That undeniable display woke up the Académie, who were finally compelled to take notice." (see

The distortion of spacet-ime by ordinary gravity is similar to that required for travel through a wormhole or ring-hole

A few modern physicists have studied space-time wormholes or ring-holes in a theoretical sense (see for example, but how could anyone create a space-time wormhole or time-travel device in a practical sense? Those crop artists, by means of a series of pictures over the years, have shown us in principle how it might be done. In the first two pictures below (upper left and right), they portray lunar gravity (two lunar crescents) or terrestrial gravity (Earth in orbit about the Sun) as two related aspects of "weakly curved space-time":

Then in another two pictures below (lower left and right), they portray space-time wormholes or ring-holes as a property of "strongly curved space-time". There the degree of distortion has become so great, that it creates a tiny hole or tunnel ("conduit") in the fabric of space-time, which some crop-artist device or ship can cleverly travel through. (The "ring-hole" is just a stable kind of wormhole.)

Isaac Newton wrote in his Appendix to Principia in 1713: "I have not as yet been able to discover the reason for these properties of gravity, and do not feign hypotheses." Would anyone have really expected Newton in 1713 to envisage the four-dimensional curvature of space-time, as a possible cause of gravity? That idea had to wait for another two hundred years to be proposed by Einstein in 1916. Seventy years later, Kip Thorne in 1985 legitimized the concept of a "transversible space-time wormhole" (see or

The technological reality of such a fantastic concept has now seemingly been realized, not in a physics laboratory somewhere, but in English fields. Many Wiltshire farmers seem able to recognize such things (just like French farmers who took meteorite samples to the Académie in 1790), but contemporary physicists refuse to study the evidence in any form whatsoever. Come on, guys, when did you start relying on newspaper or TV reports for experimental fact? Where is your innate curiosity or investigative instinct?

"Closed time-like curves" also appear in English crop pictures

Not only wormholes or ring-holes (as discussed above) have appeared in English crop pictures, but also loops through time or "closed time-like curves". The closed time-like curve or CTC is a very sophisticated physical concept that no human faker could possibly be expected to envisage (see Thus, one closed time-like curve was shown in crops at Weyhill on July 18, 2003:

On the left above, one can see how "transport of a clock" around three-dimensional space xyz along the path of a closed time like curve may be accompanied by no change of time whatsoever. On the right above, one can see how a certain kind of "light cone" describes our past, future, here-now and elsewhere. When a series of such light cones are joined into shape of a closed time like curve, we see that time "joins back onto itself". Another closed time like curve was shown at Blowingstone on August 6, 2007. See the left-hand side of the figure below:

Then one week later at Etchilhampton Hill on August 15, 2007, we saw a typical Venus-Quetzalcoatl symbol from Mayan-Aztec culture, but now with curved space time gridlines superimposed (see the right-hand side of the figure above). Its implied symbolism seems clear: not only does Quetzalcoatl as a crop artist wish to be associated with "Venus" and "feathered serpent" motifs, but also with the "curvature of space time".

Spacetime wormholes and "balls of light" on a Utah ranch

Ten years ago, it became apparent that wormholes and "balls of light" were also being observed at a remote rural location in Utah. Hence a Las Vegas businessman, Robert Bigelow (see, purchased that ranch and set a scientific team to work on it. One of the investigators was Colm Kelleher, who has a Ph.D. in molecular biology (see Although no firm conclusions were reached, a large number of witnesses saw unusual phenomena there, including "orange wormholes" and "balls of light" of many different kinds.

Some people believe that "balls of light" may be responsible for creating modern crop pictures (see or Could such "balls of light" be small, remotely controlled devices that those crop artists use to send us messages from a great distance? Yet similar lights have also been seen in Utah, where there are no crop pictures. So perhaps those "balls of light" are just an indirect consequence of nearby wormhole activity?

East Field of July 7, 2007, for example, was seemingly created by a large flash of structured energy that resembled "sheet lightning":

"It was filmed while forming by five separate cameras, including infrared CCTV, in the presence of three witnesses. To the naked eye, observers saw only a white flash similar to sheet lightning at 3:13 AM. But the ultralow-light CCTV camera saw considerably more. Viewing that light-enhanced video over the following seven minutes, a large 300-meter-long crop picture seemed to develop right in front of the camera."

Are closed time-like curves and wormholes or ring-holes consistent with modern physics?

Now let us get down to the nitty-gritty. If (a) time travel were really possible, and (b) certain space-time travellers visited Earth in the distant past, so as to stimulate or encourage our early civilization here, then the current crop-circle mystery would be solved. What does modern physics have to say about all of this? The famous cosmologist Stephen Hawking seems to agree (a) that time travel is possible, yet argues also (b) that we don't see time travellers or "tourists from the future" in central London today! Partly for that reason, he proposed in 1992 a rather ad hoc physical postulate known as the "chronology protection conjecture" which goes as follows:

"It has been suggested that an advanced civilization might have the technology to warp space-time, so that closed time-like curves would appear, thereby allowing travel into the past. This paper examines that possibility. The results support a chronology protection conjecture, where the laws of physics do not allow for closed time-like curves." (from Physical Review D46, 603-611, 1992).

But later in 2003, another cosmologist Pedro Gonzales-Diaz (inventor of the "ring-hole" concept) wrote: 

"It is now generally recognized that the chronology protection conjecture was just a semi-classical proposal, with no implementation in any kind of space-time with quantum structure. It would follow therefore that closed time-like curves and time travel are both stable quantum mechanically, and pervade the entire space-time structure of the vacuum." (from Physical Review D68, 084016, 2003).

In summary, there seems to be no objection from modern 21st-century physics concerning the twin concepts of "closed time-like curves" or "time travel", at least on a quantum scale. Both are considered possible, although technologically beyond our current grasp. By analogy, could classical Greeks or Romans manufacture a mobile phone? But genetically and intellectually, they were just like us.

Who was Quetzalcoatl really?

With those rather difficult ideas in mind, let us now return to the vexing question of Quetzalcoatl. Who was he really? Could he have been a time-traveller from our own future on Earth, or maybe from a distant star system where other humans also live? Our most reliable image of Quetzalcoatl comes from a detailed stone sculpture that dates back to Olmec La Venta around 500 BC:

Most current archaeologists have interpreted that remarkable piece of sculpture to represent a "corn god". Really? When studied objectively, do not many of its images seem a bit too modern for the central American jungle, 2500 years ago? He is shown there riding inside of some "flying snake". Could that be the origin of his symbol "feathered serpent"?

One cannot be sure from limited archaeological evidence, in combination with ancient legends, who Quetzalcoatl really was; but the native people of central, south and north America once reverenced him as a "beloved god-king" who taught them everything they knew, and made their lives much better than before. Furthermore, everything he taught (e.g. mathematics, astronomy, or the Sun-Venus calendar) was far ahead of its time, and quite anomalous for a historical epoch when Europe was still without technology, or even in the Dark Ages.

Will Quetzalcoatl return in the next calendar year "One Reed" as 2039 AD?

The modern crop-circle phenomenon began in earnest in the late 1980's, especially in the summer of 1990 in Wiltshire. Many people believe that it may be headed for some kind of climax fairly soon, just five years from now in late 2012 or early 2013. How do those modern calendar dates compare with ancient central American legends that prophecy the "return" of Quetzalcoatl?

"Cortés learned that he was considered by the Aztecs to be either an emissary of Quetzalcoatl, or Quetzalcoatl himself. Quetzalcoatl was a legendary god-king who according to prophecy would return in some year 'One Reed'. The Mayan-Aztec calendar was divided into 52-year periods that represented half-astronomical cycles of Venus. Every 52nd year was called 'One Reed'. By chance, Cortés arrived in a year 1519 that was also One-Reed." (see

A native historian later wrote (Ixtlilxochitl, 1600): "Quetzalcoatl said that in a year 'One Reed' he would return, and then his doctrine would be received, and his children would possess the land."

When will the next year "One Reed" occur in our modern calendar? From 1519 to 1987, one can count 468 = 9 x 52 years. The last year "One Reed" by that reckoning would therefore be 1987 AD, while the next will be 2039 AD. Hence neither an upcoming end to the Mayan Long Count calendar on December 21, 2012, nor an end to their Sun-Venus calendar on March 28, 2013, may necessarily be "One Reed".

Another possible date of return as 2013 AD

But another legend suggests: "I will return after five full cycles of the dawn star (Venus), bringing a reign of peace, and the advent of a new spiritual order " (see Indeed, five full cycles of Venus were shown at Chute Causeway on July 26, 2007 (see Why make a crop picture of that kind, except to remind us of the ancient prophecy?

Likewise, the famous "Mayan Sunstone" picture that appeared at Silbury Hill on August 2, 2004 implied that we had just (52 / 6) = 8.67 years left, until our current Sun-Venus calendar would end in early 2013. By simple arithmetic, its date of formation as August 2, 2004 (or 2004.58) plus 8.67 years equals 2013.25. That yields approximately March 28, 2013, when Venus will enter into superior conjunction with the Sun.

Could modern crop pictures be associated with time travel, or with a carefully engineered change in Earth history?

Could all of these modern crop pictures be portents of Quetzalcoatl's return, in early 2013 or maybe 26 years later in 2039? If so, why should they appear near Avebury in southern England, rather than in central America where Quetzalcoatl once taught? We have no definite answers yet to those important questions, but something is surely afoot.

Indeed, by showing us pictures that seem to have been transmitted through some kind of "conduit" or closed time-like curve, from another space or time to modern humans here on Earth, are those crop artists trying to change our current historical timeline? From one that leads to destruction ("much pain but still time") to another that leads to peace ("believe: there is good out there")?

"One feature of a closed time-like curve is that it opens the possibility of a historical timeline that is not fully connected to earlier times. Ordinarily, the principle of causality requires that each event in space-time be preceded by its cause. Yet in the presence of a closed time-like curve, causality may break down." (see

Well, we should learn soon! It would therefore be a good time now for all humans on Earth who would actually like to see Quetzalcoatl return---not the cruel and greedy ones, but all of the others---to pay attention to any new crop messages that may appear in the summers of 2008, 2009, 2010, etc., and think carefully about what those messages mean.

Red Collie

Appendix 1. Teaching us their Sun-Venus calendar in the summer of 2007 (or Long Count calendar in 2005)

When studied in retrospect, it seems that ten different crop pictures from the summer of 2007 were designed to teach us about their 52-year Sun-Venus calendar. That is the calendar which Quetzalcoatl-Kukulkan taught to the Olmecs and Mayans in central America thousands of years ago. Today we know about it mainly from historical records such as the Dresden Codex (see

Table 1. Venus-related crop pictures from the summer of 2007

Date 2007

Field location

Subject matter

May 18

Morgan Hill

bright Venus (in the sky at the time)

July 7

East Field

Mayan lunar series (ending August 18)

July 19


the number 18 (August 18)

July 25

West Kennett

Sun-Venus conjunction (August 18)

July 26

Chute Causeway

fivefold cycle of Venus (August 18)

August 1

Sugar Hill

18 cubes (days left until August 18)

August 4


lunar crescent phase (on August 18)

August 12

Stanton St. Bernard

Mayan number 6 (days left until August 18)

August 17

West Overton

6 x 1/6 cubes (one day left until August 18)

August 19

North Down

8 cubes (new 8-year cycle of Venus)


Why so much emphasis on teaching their Sun-Venus calendar in the summer of 2007? There could be two possible reasons for this: (a) to provide more evidence linking modern crop pictures to the ancient legend of Quetzalcoatl, or (b) because Wayland's Smithy from August of 2005 was coded using the same 52-year Sun-Venus calendar.


Indeed, it was not until more crop information was given in mid-August 2007, that we finally decoded Wayland's Smithy correctly. It thereby provided a precise future-predictive date of November 20, 2007 for when Comet 17P Holmes would conjunct with a bright star Mirfak in Perseus (see


This is not the first time that we have been taught in crops about ancient Mayan calendars. For example, one week after Wayland's Smithy on August 9, 2005, there appeared another spectacular Mayan crop picture on August 15 at Woolstone Hill. The latter was apparently meant to teach us about their Long Count calendar, which lasts for 5125 years from August 13, 3114 BC to December 21, 2012 AD.


Each period of 5000 or so years in any Long Count is known as a "Sun". Currently we are living in the Fifth Sun, because four other 5000-year epochs or Suns were recorded in the distant past, in addition to our own. But early in 2013 we will enter into the Sixth Sun, which may be an era of great joy and exuberance:



The sixteen "boxes" which surround that Sixth Sun (above left) refer to a crop picture from Wayland's Smithy in the previous week. There our current 52-year Sun-Venus calendar was divided into 16 parts of 3.25 years each. That 52-year calendar will end on March 28, 2013, which is presumably when the Sixth Sun will begin. Why was Woolstone Hill drawn in August of 2005, and not in some other year? Well, on that particular date, there were just eight years left until March 2013, as one complete 8-year cycle of Venus.


An even earlier example of the Mayan Long Count was shown in crops from 2001. It was discussed by Geoff Stray in terms of an 18-month yearly calendar of 360 days, where each month contains 20 days: see Yet another example of the Mayan Long Count was shown in crops from 2006. There it was provided with some possible astronomical significance, in terms of long-term periodic emissions from our galactic centre: see

Appendix 2. The "heart" crop picture of July 14, 2000 described an eclipse or occultation of Venus by the Moon on August 1, 2000

In addition to Sun-Venus calendars, practically every crop season features one or more highly impressive pictures that deal with the current night-sky astronomy of Venus. I described some of those in three previous essays: see or or One Venus-related crop picture that has not yet been fully understood, however, appeared on the night of July 14, 2000 at East Kennett. There a huge "heart" shape (another well-known symbol for planet Venus) was drawn within a ring of 29 large circles (numbered in red) as shown below:


Those 29 large circles could plausibly represent the Moon, since there are 29.5 days in any lunar phase cycle. But how might planet Venus relate astronomically to the Moon, back in the summer of 2000? Well, only 17 days after that "heart" picture appeared, the Moon eclipsed or "occulted" Venus on August 1, 2000.

On that particular day, our Moon was just one day old as a thin crescent barely past new. Was a certain value of lunar phase encoded within the crop picture shown above? Again that seems to be the case! Thus, another ring of 28 small circles was drawn just inside of the (red) outer ring  with 29 large circles. Why 28 rather than 29? Because one of those small circles (yellow "X", centre left) was intentionally omitted, in order to tell us that "the new Moon of July 31 will be just one day old on August 1, when Venus is eclipsed".

On the other side of that same crop pictureanother small circle from the inner ring shows a slight downward dislocation (yellow arrow, centre right) just after day 15 of any 29-day lunar phase cycle. That additional feature was meant to tell us how many days any new Moon will remain visible above the horizon, while it grows from "new" to "full" (when seen at sunset, also shown at Stonehenge in 1996). Many other small, irregularly-spaced circles, located outside of that 29-circle outer ring, presumably represent background stars

Now two weeks before the "heart" appeared on July 14, another highly intricate "grid" crop picture appeared only a few hundred meters away in the same field on July 2, 2000. It showed a 20 x 20 square grid that contained 400 squares in total:

If we interpret each of those squares as "one hour", then there should be 400 hours or (400 / 24) = 17 days from appearance of the "heart" on July 14, to when the Moon occults Venus on August 1. Is that true? Yes, again it seems precisely correct! Who else but Quetzalcoatl, the great master of Venusian calendars and astronomy?

Indeed, on the very next day (July 16) after both "grid" and "heart" pictures were laid down in English crops, there appeared at Avebury Down the characteristic image of a "three lobed jester's hat", which was a symbol of Quetzalcoatl among Mayan kings for over a thousand years (see or, "Iconographic Heritage of the Mayan Jester God", Virginia Fields, Los Angeles County Museum of Art). Once again, the legendary Quetzalcoatl seems to have "signed" his artwork!

Appendix 3. A note on "scientific method" 

One possibly valid criticism has been directed to me by other professional scientists, that we in the crop-circle research community are not following their chosen if hypothetical "scientific method". According to such critics, true science consists of the following: (i) formulating some new mathematical formula, then (ii) testing that formula against new experimental results of increased accuracy, in order to learn whether it might be better than other formulae from the past? Particle physicists do this quite regularly: see for example where it says: "The muon (g-2) experiment at Brookhaven National Laboratory is stringently testing the Standard Model of particle physics, by measuring the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon to unprecedented precision."  

That interesting criticism might hold true, if modern science were carried out in such a fashion all across the globe. Yet in fact, their particular definition of science only holds true for a relatively narrow range of human endeavours. In other words, it is a small subset of the whole field, and not the field itself. Thus, the vast majority of scientific research as done today consists largely of "random fact gathering", in the hope that "some pattern will emerge": see for example neurobiology, developmental biology, genomics, cancer research, nanotechnology, or other novel fields of enquiry that were begun only recently. Chemistry lies halfway between physics and biology: with some valid theories, but still much left unknown, especially in medically important areas such as drug design.  

Now in regard to crop circle research, it seems obvious that no one could possibly determine in advance, by any precise mathematical formula, what kinds of new crop picture will appear in the summers of 2008, 2009 or 2010. All we can do is make educated guesses by means of careful logical study, while trying to avoid wild speculations. As another difficulty, some crop pictures actually seem to "predict the future" (say for comets 17P Holmes or 73P Schwassman-Wachmann 3). How could any human of ordinary intelligence possibly be expected to interpret those, except partly beforehand, and partly in retrospect?

By analogy, if we were receiving SETI messages from some distant star by means of radio waves, would current astronomers refuse to study those messages, simply because new ones could not be predicted theoretically in advance? Of course not: the very idea seems ludicrous! True science therefore consists mainly of a "study of nature". We have to work from whatever we have been given, and will continue to do so, no matter what the armchair philosophers say.



Mark Fussell & Stuart Dike

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