A summary of the best puzzles in crop circle history: can you solve them? Can the Professors from your local university solve them?
Paranormal crop pictures have been appearing on Earth for many hundreds of years, but only caught the world’s attention in 1990, when they began to appear in great abundance in southern England. In the first two sections of this review, we discussed (a) eyewitness accounts of new crop circles forming, and (b) detailed physical evidence for their paranormal nature, such as altered characteristics of the fallen crops (see time2012a or Appendix 4).
Now in the third section of this review, we will discuss (c) the underlying intellectual content of many crop pictures, focusing mainly on clever puzzles. Some of those crop-based puzzles are so amazing that they take your breath away! This third section will be divided into two parts, covering the years 1995 to 2007 or 2008 to 2011, to permit easy download.
Some people might not agree on which crop circles show the “best puzzles”? Everyone is of course entitled to choose their own favorites, but we have focused here on those pictures which show exceptional cleverness. If any readers would like to suggest other examples not yet considered, we would certainly be glad to include them in an Appendix if warranted.
Part I: the best crop circle puzzles from 1995 to 2007
Each “crop circle puzzle” will be described briefly along with several references for further reading. We would strongly recommend that you join Crop Circle Connector (see Membership) to gain access to its Archives 1978-2011 (see Crop Circle Archives). Then you will be able to see all of the original photographs and commentaries.
Longwood Warren of June 26, 1995
This “planetary system” diagram generated much excitement back in 1995 (see Longwood 1995 or l or www.lucypringle.co.uk), but relatively little in the way of reliable analysis:
It was not realized until many years later that some crop pictures seem to describe future astronomical events in advance, which cannot be predicted by astronomers today on Earth. When studied in retrospect, it was found that Longwood Warren predicted the outburst or explosion of comet 73P Schwassmann-Wachmann 3 three months before it actually happened (see Longwood Warren 2006 or time2007al). This was one of the most important astronomical events of 1995 (see cometography.com).
One key feature of this crop picture was the use of a “missing symbol” for planet Earth, to tell exactly where in space the comet would explode. On June 24, 1995, planet Earth was located in space almost exactly where comet 73P would reach perihelion, three months later on September 20, 1995. That is why the crop artists drew an “inner solar system” diagram for that specific date.
When the comet reached perihelion three months later, or exactly where planet Earth “used to be located”, it outburst or exploded due to increased heat from the Sun. A subsequent attempt to create a human-made copy of Longwood Warren in 2001, using rope and boards, was stylistically acceptable but astronomically insensible (see time2007j).
West Overton of June 23, 1999
There were many geometrically interesting crop pictures in 1999 (see West Overton 1999 or www.lucypringle.co.uk) of which West Overton was the most clever:
It showed how an “octahedral net” may be folded from two into three dimensions, so as to create an authentic “octahedron” (see www.cropcircleradius.com or www.hypermaths.org).
Chilbolton of August 19, 2001
This was the first great crop picture of the 21st century (see chilbolton2001a or chilbolton2001b or hwww.lucypringle.co.uk or www.lucypringle.co.uk). It seemed to show a detailed reply by visiting extra-terrestrials, to Carl Sagan’s radio message sent out into space from the Arecibo radio telescope in 1974 (see Arecibo_message):
The best analysis of Chilbolton was done by Paul Vigay (see www.cropcircleresearch.coml or www.bibliotecapleyades.net) as discussed in an earlier section of this review:
Several excellent videos have been posted about Chilbolton by Terje Toftenes or others (www.youtube.com/watch?v=-4CYcp5wObs or www.youtube.com/watch?v=g_krJr-z5MM).
Crabwood of August 15, 2002
One year later, there was another great crop picture at Crabwood Farmhouse near Winchester (see Crabwood 2002 or or www.lucypringle.co.uk). It showed everyone on Earth a long text message in binary code (see time2007n or www.martinkeitel.net):
The primary part of their binary code warned about our future on Earth, and implied that our electronic news media were lying. Nearby was a radio transmitter for the BBC, to which the crop picture pointed! Given the extreme length and complexity of this message, any attempts to explain it by human fakery can surely be ruled out:
This was its exact decoding: “Beware the bearers of FALSE gifts & their BROKEN PROMISES.Much PAIN but still time.BELIEVE.There is GOOD out there.We oPpose DECEPTION.COnduit CLOSING/”
Once we eliminate the strange capital letters and add a few spaces, we get a more readable version: “Beware the bearers of false gifts and their broken promises. Much pain but still time. Believe. There is good out there. We oppose deception. Conduit closing.”
Further analyses showed that the Crabwood primary message contains several kinds of secondary message or “hidden code”. Those hidden codes help to explain its strange pattern of lower-case versus capital letters, or unusual spaces between words. When such hidden codes were studied carefully, they revealed a time interval of “50 years” between when the crop picture appeared in August 2002, and when a fleet of unfriendly grey aliens flew over the White House in July 1952 (see time2007ol). Crabwood 2002 was thus a 50-year reminder for humans on Earth not to trust the grey aliens, who offered us “false gifts” of military technology back in 1954 (none of which later worked), in exchange for a deal to study both animals and humans biologically.
Several good videos of Crabwood have been posted by Jaime Maussan or others (see www.youtube.com or www.youtube.com), especially a movie “Cereal Wormholes: Conduit Closing” by Martin Keitel (see www.youtube.com).
Crooked Soley of August 28, 2002
Two weeks after Crabwood, another remarkable crop picture appeared near the small village of Crooked Soley (see crookedsoley2002a). It was cut by the farmer within several hours:
Originally it was thought to represent “sacred geometry” (see www.sacred-geometry.com). Later it was linked to a meeting held on “curved DNA in chromosomes” by top scientists in Cambridge one week later (see worm hole technology). No one in Wiltshire could have known, since that meeting was not openly advertised.
North Down of August 10, 2003
Some kind of strange “molecular structure” appeared in crops at North Down in 2003 (see /northdown2003b. The exact meaning of this crop picture was not deduced until eight years later, when a second molecular structure of similar style appeared at Roundway in 2011 (see Part II below):
North Down 2003 showed a generalized structure for trigonally bonded carbon in flat sheets, as may be found in novel molecules called “buckminsterfullerene C60” (see Buckminsterfullerene) or “carbon nanotubes” (see Buckminsterfullerene). Both of those molecules form an essential part of a new science called “nanotechnology”.
Wayland’s Smithy of August 9, 2005
This beautiful crop picture provided a great finale to the 2005 season (see Waylands 2005 or www.lucypringle.co.uk). Its Mayan theme seems somewhat peculiar, for a crop picture of paranormal origin, because it is now conceded that another “Mayan” crop picture from one year earlier (at Silbury Hill on August 2, 2004) was a human-made fake.
All throughout the 2005 season, various crop pictures seemed to show something “exploding in space”. No one knew at the time what that might be. Two years later, we learned that crop pictures such as Lane End Down 2005 (shown below right) referred to a great outburst by comet 17P Holmes in October-November of 2007:
Two binary codes within Wayland’s Smithy in August of 2005 (shown above left) refer to the same near-future explosion. They can be read easily as “13-10-7” or “14-5-11” in base-16. When referenced to a 52-year Mayan calendar, it was found that “13-10-7” gives a date of August 9, 2005 when the Wayland’s Smithy crop picture appeared. Then “14-5-11” gives a date of November 21, 2007, when an newly-exploded comet Holmes joined closely with a bright star Mirfak as seen in Earth’s sky (see time2007g or time2007h).
Two remarkable aspects of this crop picture were that: (a) it apparently predicted the future by more than two years, and (b) it used an ancient Mayan calendar to do so, combined with a modern binary code!
Yatesbury of May 30, 2007
This Archimedean spiral appeared at Yatesbury in May of 2007 (see Yatesbury 2007 or www.lucypringle.co.uk). No one has yet figured out what it means:
University and/or college Professors, please take note. Here is a chance to show how clever you might be!
Sugar Hill of August 1, 2007
This beautiful crop picture appeared at Sugar Hill on August 1, 2007 (see Sugarhill 2007 or www.lucypringle.co.uk). No one knew for over a week what it might symbolize:
Finally Richard Heath, the author of “Sacred Number and the Origins of Civilization”, pointed out that it represents Metatron’s Cube from sacred geometry (see matrixofcreation.co.uk or Metatron's Cube). A second example of the same geometry appeared four years later at Etchilhampton on July 25, 2011, as will be noted in Part II.
End of Part I covering the years 1995 to 2007
A summary of the best puzzles in crop circle history: can you solve them? Can the Professors from your local university solve them?
Now we move on to Part II of our review on “crop circle puzzles”. Both of these parts represent a continuation of two earlier sections dealing with (a) eyewitness accounts of crop circles forming, or (b) altered physical characteristics of the fallen plants (see time2012a).
Part II: the best crop circle puzzles from 2008 to 2011
Part II of this third section will describe the best crop circle puzzles from 2008 to 2011 in a brief fashion, while providing references for further reading.
Barbury Castle of June 1, 2008
In June of 2008, a new and exciting crop picture appeared in green barley near Barbury Castle (see barbury2008 or www.lucypringle.co.uk). No one on Earth knew what it meant for over a week, while images spread rapidly by Internet around the globe. Finally a retired astrophysicist in North Carolina (named Mike Reed) realized that it showed a clever graphical calculation of pi, using four turns of a “rotary encoder”:
In that crop picture, the angle of rotation within an Archimedean spiral tells how large any digit of pi might be. For example its first digit “3” rotates for 3 x 36 = 108o (followed by a “decimal point”), while its second digit “1” rotates for 1 x 36 = 36o, and its third digit “4” rotates for 4 x 36 = 144o. The same process is followed all the way out to ten digits of pi = 3.141592654, over four complete spiral turns of 4 x 360 = 1440o.
News of the Barbury Castle crop puzzle was reported by hundreds of newspapers worldwide (see for example www.dailymail.co.uk or www.telegraph.co.uk). Several interesting movies about Barbury Castle 2008 have been posted (see www.youtube.com or www.youtube.com).
Wilton Windmill of May 22, 2010
Two years later in May of 2010, another spectacular puzzle appeared in yellow oilseed rape near Wilton Windmill (see wilton2010a or www.lucypringle.co.uk). This time it showed a binary ASCII code for a famous equation in mathematics known as “Euler’s Identity”:
The puzzle was solved by Richard Andrews, who also provided a nice animation of its meaning (see http://logosmythos.net). Again it was reported in many newspapers (see www.dailymail.co.uk or www.telegraph.co.uk or www.independent.co.uk). No one is sure what certain small deviations within that code, away from our Earth-based representation of Euler’s Identity, might signify.
Vale of Pewsey on June 21, 2010
Only three weeks after the event at Wilton Windmill, we saw another amazing crop picture in the Vale of Pewsey near a heart-shaped planting of trees (see www.cropcirclearchives.co.uk or www.lucypringle.co.uk):
This time it showed a clever mathematical representation of the golden ratio (phi) to ten digits, namely 1.61803399. That heart-shaped grove of trees resembles a “golden spiral” from sacred geometry. There is also a single-character ASCII code 01010000 on the outside (not labelled) for a capital letter “P” meaning “phi” or “Phidias”.
Wickham Green of July 30, 2010
Close to the end of the 2010 season, we saw a complex crop picture in two parts near Wickham Green, located on opposite sides of the M4 motorway (see wickhamgreen2010 south or /wickhamgreen2010 north or www.lucypringle.co.uk).
It was impossible to figure out what the double crop picture meant, until carefully drawn diagrams of each part “north” or “south” were put onto a computer by an anonymous analyst called “George Costanza” or “Strob” (who is a reputable scholar in real life). He found that both “north” and “south” pictures could be combined in a specific way, to produce a combined image which resembles the “face of Jesus” as seen on the Turin Shroud:
There was a TV program on the History Channel in March of 2010, showing the “face of Jesus” in a similar grid-like fashion, following its reconstruction from the Turin Shroud by modern computer methods (see www.youtube.com).
There may be a “hidden code” in this pair of crop pictures which has not yet been solved. When we combine the two pictures as south = red, north = green or both = blue, and plot the results on a rectangular grid, we can see a binary code which could have some possible meaning:
No one has solved this puzzle yet either! Jaime Maussan and Fernando Correa have shown excellent videos about the Wickham Green crop picture on Mexican TV (see www.youtube.com or www.youtube.com).
Horton of August 9, 2010
A simple yet clever illustration of cubic geometry appeared in crops two weeks after Wickham Green at Horton (see horton2010a). There we can see a cube with one corner sliced off, so as to produce what is known in mathematics as the “vertex figure of a cube” (see Cube):
Around that cube is shown a “square cord” which has been cut into six equal pieces. This was presumably meant to indicate that a vertex figure (as shown) contains one-sixth the volume of a whole cube. A similar illustration of the same geometric theorem also appeared four years earlier on August 17, 2007 near West Overton. There a “flower of life” crop picture showed “six sliced cubes”, each with one-sixth volume of a whole cube (see westoverton2007).
Poirino, Italy of June 13, 2010
Modern crop pictures have appeared all over the world. Yet seldom have we seen an artwork of such elegance as we saw at Poirino, Italy in June of 2010 (see Poirino2010a).
Its overall imagery was that of a lunar-solar calendar. Many different phases of the Moon from “new to full” were drawn around the outside as “small to large” balls respectively, for a time period of six months. Six different locations of our Sun along its yearly path through the background stars were drawn around the inside. A thin circle divided each large, round, inner symbol for “Sun and stars” into two nearly equal parts, and represents the “solar ecliptic”:
When we count the number of “stars” on each side of that thin line, going around the entire crop picture, we find a curious series of numbers as 69, 61, 77, 67, 94 or 50 (first noted by analyst “George Costanza”). Then if we go to a look-up table for digital ASCII, and ask how each two-digit number translates into English characters, we find Einstein’s formula “E = MC^2”. How clever is that?
A green-brown mixed-shading for two of the small round “Moon” or “Sun” symbols at Poirino may represent lunar or solar eclipses. Those occurred during the summer of 2010 on dates of June 26 or July 11 respectively.
Poirino, Italy of June 20, 2011
One year later at Poirino, Italy in 2011, we saw another remarkable crop picture which featured several different kinds of symbol (see Poirino2011a). First around the outside, we can see seven different “spikes” containing eight small circles each. Those provide a binary code in ASCII for “Ea Enki space”:
Ea-Enki is known from historical records to have been a great and powerful ruler in ancient Sumeria (see Enki). His real name was “Ea”, while “Enki” was his title which means “Lord of the Earth”. How can he be living today in space? Were some of the Sumerian leaders once extra-terrestrials, who settled on our planet long ago?
Next within the seven flattened points between “spikes”, we can see many small, standing tufts of crop. By analogy with a previous crop picture shown at Poirino in 2010, those tufts may represent the “stars of Ea” from Babylonian star catalogues such as the Mul-Apin.
How many stars can we count within each point? Looking closely, we can count three stars near the word “Ea”, four stars near the word “Enki”, or five stars near the character “space”. These data seem to suggest that a three-word message given at Poirino in 2011 (words 3, 4 and 5) may be a continuation of the two-word message given at Poirino in 2010 as “E = MC^2” (words 1 and 2).
The complete five-word message over two years would be “E = MC^2 Ea Enki space”. Einstein’s equation for the conversion of matter into light, namely “E = MC^2”, may refer in this case to two nuclear explosions over Japan in 1945, of which Ea-Enki did not approve (see the last post on Poirino2011a).
At the very center of Poirino 2011, we can see a seven-pointed “circular star”. It matches closely in style a “world map” from ancient Babylon, now kept at the British Museum (see map_of_the_world).
Honey Street of July 4, 2011
A clever “number puzzle” came down in green wheat near Honey Street on July 4, 2011 (see honeystreet2011c or www.lucypringle.co.uk). It astonished everyone who visited it with its many clever patterns of fallen crop or “lays”:
Superficially it shows a series of seven numbers as “3, 2, 9, 5, 3, 6 (reversed), 1 (reversed)”. What could those numbers mean? When we add up the first series as 3 + 2 + 9 + 5 + 3 = 22, and the second series as 6 + 1 = 7 (reversed), we find a ratio of 22 / 7 = 3.1428 which closely approximates pi = 3.1416. Honey Street was one of six related crop pictures last summer which symbolized “pi” (see the second article on Stantn St Bernard).
One could represent 22 / 7 = pi in many different ways. Why did the crop artists choose that particular set of numbers? This part of the puzzle remained an enigma for several weeks, until two more crop pictures appeared at Cooks Plantation (see cooks) or Knoll Down (see Knoll down). Each marked a superior conjunction of Venus with our Sun on August 16, 2011. With those new crop pictures as a clue, we used an on-line astronomical almanac from Jodrell Bank (see almanac) to search for a solution to the puzzle!
We found that the same series of numbers, when read in reverse as 16 35 or 9 23, represent two sky coordinates (Declination or Right Ascension) for planet Venus on August 11, 2011 at 0530 GMT. The crop artist must have searched through an astronomical almanac, until he found a series of seven numbers for Venus which add to give pi = 22 / 7. Then he laid out the Honey Street crop picture accordingly on July 4. What kind of IQ are we dealing with here? How many Earth humans could be so clever?
Roundway of July 23, 2011
This elegant “chemical molecule” appeared near Roundway in late July of 2011 (see roundwayhill2011a or www.lucypringle.co.uk). It was immediately recognized as “melatonin”, a brain hormone which promotes sanity and relaxation:
Curiously enough, a crazy man in Norway shot and killed 80 innocent people only hours earlier on the afternoon of July 22 (see 2011_Norway_attacks). Was the Roundway crop picture a message from extra-terrestrials, that they regard some humans to be insane? And that we need to take melatonin to “chill out”?
Etchilhampton of July 25, 2011
A detailed depiction of Metatron’s Cube from sacred geometry appeared at Etchilhampton in July of 2011 (see Etchilhampton2011a or www.lucypringle.co.uk). It was shown in Part I of this review (see above) with reference to Sugar Hill of August 1, 2007.
Temple Farm of August 7, 2011
Most people were unprepared for a novel kind of crop picture which appeared at Temple Farm in August of 2011 (see templefarm2011a or www.lucypringle.co.uk). Many crop pictures have shown binary codes in base-2, but this was the first to show a ternary code in base-3:
A series of “crop numbers” from ternary base-3 were easily converted into decimal base-10. Those gave a date and time of “7-8-01(00)-2011” which was apparently when the crop picture appeared. That is the same date and time as August 7, 2011 at 0100 hours GMT. Superficially this result seems trivial.
Yet the Temple Farm crop picture also shows two related symbols which resemble (i) the ATLAS particle detector at CERN, or (ii) the “square rays” from a typical particle-to-particle collision. There was great excitement at CERN in August of 2011, over their important and expensive search for the Higgs boson (see www.guardian.co.uk or blogs.scientificamerican.com).
When we look closely at the Temple Farm ternary code, we can see that its last digit may be read equally well as “1” or “2”. This means that the date given there may refer equally well to August 7, 2011 or August 7, 2012. What are those crop artists trying to tell us? Will something important be discovered at CERN by August of 2012? And did they use a ternary base-3 code, because most theories of subatomic physics (quarks, colours) are written in base-3?
Jubilee Plantation of August 15, 2011
The final crop picture of 2011 appeared at Jubilee Plantation near the Cherhill White Horse (see jubilee2011a or www.lucypringle.co.uk). Its central part contained a grid of very accurately drawn “thin lines”:
When we compare those thin lines to known geometrical shapes from higher dimensions, we find that they represent the most common projection of a five-dimensional cube or “penteract” into two dimensions (see Penteract).
Perhaps the crop artists are trying to tell us that particle physics (from Temple Farm) will become five-dimensional after 2012? Nearby we can see a key-like signature of the crop artist, who remains unknown, but has been leaving similar signatures since 2001.
Here is a video about Jubilee Plantation (see www.youtube.com), as well as a summary by Jaime Maussan and Fernando Correa of all crop circles from 2011 (see www.youtube.com).
End of Part II covering the years 2008 to 2011
This concludes our review of “best crop circle puzzles” for the years 1995 to 2011. We can be sure that many new and exciting crop-based puzzles will appear this summer in 2012.
Red Collie (Dr. Horace R. Drew, Caltech 1976-81, MRC LMB Cambridge 1982-1986, CSIRO Australia 1987-2010).
P.S. We would like to thank all of the photographers and analysts who have contributed to a positive understanding of crop circles over the past twenty years: especially Mark Fussell, Stuart Dike and Julian Gibsone for Crop Circle Connector, Steve Alexander and Karen Douglas for Temporary Temples, and Lucy Pringle for her photographic library. We would also like to thank Sara Garnett for help in preparing the slides, and Adele Kraus for creating the most artistic of three teaching examples.
Appendix 1. Three teaching examples which illustrate the general principles of crop-circle encoding
In order to further explain the puzzles shown above, I have prepared two simple teaching examples, which illustrate some general principles of crop-circle encoding. Another interested researcher, Adele Kraus, prepared a third and more artistic example. These should all be quite lucid and easy to understand!
Please try to solve the three human-made puzzles shown below. Then post your solutions anywhere on the web you wish? Just cite this review and the Crop Circle Connector website:
If you can’t solve them, even with help from other known “crop circle puzzles” as shown above, perhaps ask a Professor at your local university?
Appendix 2. Purpose of the long 2012 review and its conclusions
The final part of this long review was intended to convey a message that modern crop circles are not just “human-made field art”, as three leading academics Michio Kaku (City College of New York), Richard Taylor (University of Oregon) or Matin Durrani (Physics World) told the world so forcefully last summer in 2011.
Rather they are complex intellectual transmissions from another, unknown, highly advanced society to our own. Such field messages have been kept secret and/or debunked by Earth governments, intelligence agencies or their lap-dog media organizations for the past twenty years. The known instances of such debunking are numerous, and need not be piled up here.
Lies and deceptions are not new to our age. They were also part of British society three hundred years ago, when John Locke (a close friend of Sir Issac Newton) wrote his famous Essay on Human Understanding (1690):
“If we could but see the secret motives that influenced men of name and learning in the world, and the leaders and parties, we should not always find that it was the embracing of truth for its own sake, that made them espouse the doctrines they owned and maintained. This at least is certain: there is not an opinion so absurd, which a man may not receive upon this ground. There is no error to be named, which has not had its professors; and a man shall never want crooked paths to walk in, if he thinks he is in the right way, wherever he has the footsteps of others to follow.”
THE END OF PART II
Appendix 3. Do the paranormal crop artists have a technology which allows for time travel?
Of all the theories which have been proposed to explain modern crop circles, time travel has always been close to the top of the list. For example, Linda Howe learned in 1993: “I was in Wiltshire to explore the crop circle mystery. There I met a man who told me he had first-hand information, that the CIA was trying to photograph every crop formation from satellites. He then explained the agency’s theory that we are dealing with time travelers” (see www.earthfiles.com ).
At Crabwood in 2002, we saw a long English message in ASCII code. It said in part: “Much pain but still time. Conduit closing.” Was that text message sent by a group of individuals who see “much pain” for humans on Earth in the near future? Do they use “conduits” or wormholes through space and time to send their messages to us? (see www.youtube.com).
Some crop pictures have seemed to predict the future: for example the outburst of comet 17P Holmes in 2007 (see time2007g or time2007h), or the nuclear power crisis at Fukushima in 2010 (see Japan tsunami 2011).
Now there is a wonderful physics professor in Connecticut called Ronald Mallet, who worked through Einstein’s equations in 2005 to predict “time travel in this century” (see www.physorg.com or www.youtube.com or www.youtube.com). His proposal is that we can use powerful ring lasers to create “closed timelike curves”, which are a necessary pre-requisite for time travel:
When you study his theory closely, you begin to see a possibility that the “cylinders of twisted light” which have been witnessed or photographed near many crop circles could actually be “time travel devices”. Much more could be said about these strange observations in a full article if later warranted:
On June 21, 2009, Professor Mallett appeared on nationwide TV in the USA, on a show called “Good Morning America”. There he showed several technical images from his new theory, including a “gravitational swirl to twist space and time” (see time 1:10 of www.youtube.com).
Exactly one year later on June 21, 2010, a spectacular crop circle appeared in the Vale of Pewsey in southern England. It showed a clever code for the golden ratio “phi” to ten digits, namely 1.61803399. It was likewise drawn next to a heart-shaped planting of trees, in order to symbolize a “double golden spiral” from Fibonacci mathematics.
The crop artists were telling us that something might be mathematically beautiful, but what exactly? While studying Mallet’s illustrations (see also http://conversations.psu.edu), I noticed that several of them match closely the crop circle which appeared at Pewsey on June 21, 2010:
Was that Pewsey crop picture made by time travellers? Did they watch Ronald Mallett on nationwide TV, and decide to tell us one year later (to the day) that his theory of time travel has great mathematical beauty?
Mallet himself believes that no time travel is possible yet, because he has not built a time machine here on Earth. Could there be other races out in space, however, or other races from alternate dimensions, who may have developed a similar technology in our past? And are using it to visit Earth today, where they sometimes leave distinctive marks in English (or European) fields?
Appendix 4, Another excellent teaching example from the sand art of Julian Richardson and his colleagues in the summer of 2013
Appendix 5. If no local humans on Earth (except for me and a few others) could solve or design some typical crop-circle codes, for the past two years, then how could local humans with rope and boards have made them?
Two years have passed, and not one of the three teaching examples shown above, based on crop-circle logic, has been solved openly by any member of the public, including Learned Professors from our universities. For that reason, we now show below the solutions to two other teaching puzzles which were posed above in 2011:
Red Collie (Dr. Horace R. Drew)