"How long has the phenomenon been with us?"
Well, the crop circles were first recognised
by the media in 1980, when the first real Newspaper report was published on a grouping of
Circles that appeared below Westbury White Horse in Wiltshire. However, there have been
photographs of a Quintuplet in 1978, and of course the famous "UFO Nests" in
Australia in the late sixties, although we will never know if this was the real
phenomenon. Many Farmers have mentioned that circles have been on their land for
generations, but hardly any little photographic evidence for this has come to light. It's
possible that the Crop Circles have been around a lot longer than the twenty years we know
of, but we feel more evidence is needed.
"Why is the county of Wiltshire the most populated
area for them!?
It has always been a strong theory of ours,
and from many other researchers within the Crop Circle Community, that the Crop Circles
are in some way linked to Ancient Sites. The county of Wiltshire has an amazing amount of
Sacred Sites dotted across its landscape, none more so than the Avebury area itself. A
number of people within the community believe that the phenomenon is attracted to the Ley
Lines around these sites, which ancient man was very much aware of, and so built their
sites in accordance to them. This may not seem very scientific, but many dowsers have
found these natural lines crossing within formations. We believe the county of Wiltshire
is very significant for their appearance, and I'm sure will continue to be.
"How are they formed? How are they bent down to form
The simplest of all the designs is, of
course the single circle form. A characteristic of a crop circle is a circular
depression within a field of crop (Oil Seed Rape, Barley, Wheat, Oats) where the plants
themselves are flattened at the very base, (or frequently bent at the lowest node
junction) in a spiralled pattern. The spiral can be varied in its construction, but
generally the plant is bent over at 90 degrees to the standing crop around it. In very
young crop at the start of the season, a crop circle can appear to be "brushed",
but this is due to the crop recovering because of its immaturity. From the evidence inside
many formations we have visited, the force involved in creating them is extremely rapid,
but at the same time impressively accurate!
"Is there any scientific evidence to prove that a
genuine phenomenon exists?"
In the early days, the scientific community was
uninterested in the phenomenon, however a Biophysicist Dr. William Levengood, was already
carrying out research on affected plants within formations in 1989. It wasn't until 1992
when Nancy Talbott, and John Burke, two interested Americans, injected financial
support into Levengood's work. It is now called BLT (Burke, Levengood & Talbott)
Research Team. They have carried out some fascinating test on the plants, and have found
some amazing results.
"What do you think about the theory that it's just
some natural wind forces causing the circles to appear?"
In 1989, George Terence Meaden, a Meteorologist based on
Bradford Upon Avon, published a book entitled "The Circles Effect and Its
Mysteries". As many people are now aware, his theory of the Plasma-Vortex phenomenon
became world famous for the theory on what is actually creating these designs,. Indeed
,many of the shapes in the late eighties were quintuplets and ringed circles, so they
could possibly be explained by this Electro-magnetic vortex. In 1990/91, his theory
started to become increasingly difficult to explain, as 1990 was the year when the
"Pictograms" started to appear. It's my belief that these shapes are not caused
a natural wind Vortex, but Meaden's work is still respected, and may point towards
something deeper using a type of vortex to create these amazing shapes?
"How did you become interested in the Crop
It all started back in 1989. A work colleague walked into
the office one lunch time, and was quite overwhelmed by what he had just bought from the
bookstore. It was the book "Circles Effect and its Mysteries" by Terence Meaden.
It was astonishing to think that these designs were appearing, not only without our
knowledge at that time, but also on our very own doorstep. We promised ourselves that we
would venture out the next year to find them, and we haven't looked back since!
"Do you think they're actually caused by
No, not in the structured craft sense! UFO's can cover
anomalous lights which are seen in the vicinity of crop circles, or on the night of their
creation. I don't personally believe that alien structured craft are producing the
designs. I feel it's more earth bound than many people realise. It's more tied up with
Earth Energy, and consciousness itself, than any alien agenda. However, I do believe
aliens exist, but it's a different phenomenon that is creating these designs.
"Do you believe that they have some religious significance?"
Not in a Christian Orthodox sense, or any other main religion. In some way, the crop
circles can give you a whole new perspective on reality, and why we are here. You can feel
at times closer to a universal creator, or GOD if you like, but my personal opinion is
that the phenomenon is breaking down the old beliefs, and bringing in new concepts, which
gives you a better understanding of reality in general. I wouldn't say it was a new
religion, its just showing us something that has always been there. Whether you tap into
it is down to the individual.
"Have you ever actually witnessed one of these crop circles being made?"
Both Mark and myself have never actually witnessed a crop circle being made. I suppose its
every "Croppies" dream to actually witness either a pictogram forming, or
just a plain crop circle forming. It was a very strange feeling watching the Olivers
Castle video back in 1996, as it gave you an impression of what it might be like to
experience a creation of a crop circle! Alas, it was proved to be a fake, but it kept
everybody on the edge of their seats for quite a few weeks!
"Do you believe that most are hoaxes?"
We have been asked this same question many times, and we always stated, that when a
formation is claimed to be a hoax, there is very little evidence to actually prove one
hundred percent that it was. Some crop circles can look very irregular and messy in their
construction, which can point towards human involvement. Many of the formations are so
complex in design that it would seem impossible to make in the middle of the night. Of
course you can't rule it out entirely, as we mustn't underestimate ourselves, because
there have been man made formations down through the years. We do believe that some are
hoaxed every year, but there is definitely a real phenomenon interacting with these
"I was wondering if you could recommend to me a couple of recently published books on
The most recent book that has been published, is by Andy Thomas entitled "Vital Signs" which is a publication that takes you
through the highlights of Crop Circling from the late eighties to the present day. It is
an excellent book for the dedicated "Croppies" of the world, or for someone who
is new to the phenomenon. It has a comprehensive selection of photographs of the most
impressive formations to appear, with first class accounts of the strange occurrences
surrounding the phenomenon. Highly recommended. Andy Thomas has also written "Fields
of Mystery" from 1995 and "Quest for Contact" published in 1997.
I can also recommend "Cosmic Connection" from 1995 by Michael Hesemann.
This book has some fantastic aerial photography within this publication of 1994.
Michael Glickman's small A5 size books are very good for studying the geometry of the
formations, published by 'Wooden Books'.
All of these books can be found on the Crop Circle Connector.
"Do you know something we don't know, has the government tried to cover up the real
source of the phenomenon?"
In 1990, the Government held a meeting with cabinet ministers, and no doubt the Military,
to discuss the phenomenon, and what implications it held regarding the public, and defence
matters. Their answer was that their was no answer! The phenomenon remained a mystery,
which was quite a result, and demonstrated the type of impact the year of 1990 had
at government levels. It was shortly after this meeting that the Hoaxing campaign started
to hit the crop circle world. Operation Blackbird at Bratton near Westbury was the first
casualty, by individuals who created a crop circle formation in front of the infrared
cameras on top of Bratton Camp. It's purpose was to ridicule the whole phenomenon and the
researchers who organised it. However another formation appeared just days later, but too
far for the Cameras to monitor.
I believe that there was a major campaign to squash the public's interest in the
phenomenon, and this carried over into 1991 with the Doug and Dave fiasco. The Military
have shown interest in the phenomenon, and strange manoeuvres around the Avebury
area are currently taking place, as if they are chasing or monitoring something airborne.
What this anomaly could be, is anyone's guess? Perhaps it could be linked to the crop
"Do you know if the existence of a map (of England) with all crop circles
findings marked out"?
We have not come across any such map, which shows all of the crop circles marked out. This
would be quite some undertaking, but could be produced as technology progresses. Most of
the information is within many of the publications and magazines written on the subject.
Just the Avebury area alone would be quite some task, but its a nice idea.
"Are they figments of our curiosity and obsessiveness, or are they some sort of
language that we should be paying attention to?"
Many people have become quite obsessed with the phenomenon, and indeed I have walked down
this road, but as the years go by, you learn to control your feelings. But they still have
a very deep emotional response, which is their power. They are not a language which you
can piece together, but they speak to you on a subconscious level. In the early years back
in 1990-91, I met many people who said that they recognised the designs, but couldn't
remember where from? Perhaps we have a deep connection with them, and hopefully
they are unlocking this knowledge. But I do believe it's part of a personal development,
but it is not a religion.
"Are there any major agreements about the meaning of the crop circles?"
Nearly everyone within the crop circle world agrees that their message is quite important,
that they are a gateway if you like to the more elemental side of life, and that they show
you another side to reality, one which has changed many people's lives including my own.
Their connection to Ancient Sites also holds a key to what is creating these designs, they
are indeed "Temporary Temples" within the landscape. Earth energy I believe is
"I was wondering if you have any information as to the number of crop
circles, are they on the increase?"
In the late eighties the number of circles was dramatically less, than the amount we see
today. Of course the designs were not as elaborate as the nineties formations, as the
quintuplets were as complex as you could expect, probably the largest formations in 1988
appeared at Silbury Hill. In 1989, the Quintuplets reappeared near Silbury and indeed,
this year experienced a dramatic increase in events around the country. One would have
surmise that the phenomenon was on a climb, but it was 1990, that broke all records, and
exceeded everyone expectations!
The year of 1990 was quite exceptional, it was the first year I became involved (Stuart)
and will always be fondly remembered. The amount of formations appearing in this year was
breathtaking, and know body could possibly deny, that the phenomenon had stepped up a gear
from 1989. A massive shift had taken place, with totally unique designs appearing, not
just in Wiltshire/Hampshire, but around the country and the world! I still believe, that
the Crop Circle Phenomenon was an indication of how peoples consciousness had changed
between 1988-1990. Political world events were also evidence of this shift.
Its my personal belief that the phenomenon is part of the process for world change, its
not a matter of numbers anymore, but the personal experience of identifying the shapes
"Does anyone live near them to be able to hear them being created, or even
Many people live very close to fields were Crop Circle appear. An example would be Alton
Barnes, as their houses are surrounded by fields which the formations appearing in year
after year. Quite a number of the village itself are skeptical of the phenomenon, however
there are some residence who believe something is occurring in their area. The very first
unusual occurrence, was on the very night the famous East Field formation appeared in
1990. A number of Dogs within the village were
extremely restless that night, which resulted in an airborne object that flew over the
village in the early hours of the night. Apparently, there were no night
place, and the object itself was far to low for anything military.
A number of people drive passed East Field on their way to work in the early hours of the
morning. One such person still claims today, that the1996 Double Helix formation was not
there when he drove passed at 5am in the morning, but was first discovered a couple of
hours later! This would indicate a daylight event, especially within the month of June. A
month later a similar story was told at the Stonehenge formation, this time by a pilot of
a light aircraft.
I am convinced that many other people have seen strange events in and around the Crop
Circle countryside, but are scared to come forward! This is totally understandable,
perhaps their frightened of being ridiculed.
"What are the straight lines which span across the whole field in double lines. There
appear to be many of them?"
A very simple answer to this! These lines are what we call "Tramlines" They are
made intentionally by the Farmer to spray the crops throughout the summer, and to cut the
fields at Harvest time. Many Americans ask us this question, because most of their fields
do not have "Tramlines" as they are normally sprayed by light aircraft. In fact,
we are very interested in the fields within America and Canada, as their organic farming
produces fields that are literally miles in length, resulting any human involvement in the
circle making process extremely difficult. Please visit the International Crop Circle
pages, especially the formations from Canada.
"I have heard of recent developments in crop circle investigations that leads to
conclusive evidence that crop circles are caused by propulsion devices....would you have
any information on this"?
Well, this theory was considered as a serious concept within the 1995 book "The
Gift" by Doug Ruby. His feelings were that the designs themselves were a 2D
representation of a propulsion system. The designs were made in to models and then spun at
very high speeds, producing energy fields. According to Doug, the design were a Gift from
other beings, to give us a new understanding to space travel. Interesting, but we
have not heard of Doug since the launch of his book. If your out there Doug, please get in
The formations themselves are not actually created by a propulsion system. They are far to
intricate, and would show a much more random and irregular aspect to their designs. Can't
really take this as a serious theory, and no conclusive evidence has been discovered to
"Greetings, I came across your name in the Crop Circle Connector web site and was
wondering if you could put me in touch with any local tour guides or organisations in
Britain that specialise in tours of Crop Circles"?
This question gives us a great opportunity to announce our new project before the 1999
season starts. The Crop Circle Connector is planning on compiling a "Travelogue"
concentrating on the Avebury area in particular. A brief history of this part of Wiltshire
will be included, with a run down of the Camp Sites, Hotels, Pubs, and Guest Houses in the
surrounding area. This will give our many foreign readers a chance to choose were to stay
while experiencing the phenomenon. We are very interested in helping the local businesses,
and yourselves, as we receive many requests about accommodation in the general Avebury
"Would you please report the stem/stalk
observations with the photo's? Are the nodes blown open? Are the stalks broken or simply
bent...etc? If we could read these observations, it may help each one of us determine for
ourselves which crop circles may be real or faked."
In answer to the first part of this question In many cases
we unfortunately don't have any photo's on the stalks within each formation. It's a detail
which needs to be covered within the phenomenon, and it would be very interesting to
observe each event as it happens. The Crop Circle Connector's policy is to get the
information out to the people as soon as we can. In many cases, we have to sacrifice this
side of the research, but we do include text with regard to ground observations, when its
The 1998 formations did in certain cases, have the typical Blown Nodes, especially in the
Avebury area. This type of effect on the plants cannot be explained easily, but we still
have to be careful before jumping to conclusions. The BLT team in America (Burke,
Levengood, Talbott Team) have carried out some ground breaking analysis on the plants
themselves with some startling results. Without their dedication, we would not be
discussing a scientific side to the Crop Circles.
Their latest results will be forthcoming very soon.
"Don't you think aliens have better things to
do than fly umpteen light years to Earth and mash some wheat into circle based patterns in
the middle of the night? You pseudo-scientific jerks are pathetic."
Yes, would you believe we even receive emails from sad people, like this person! Luckily
they are few and far between.
"I recently found the "crop circle"
web-page; I find it to be a remarkable blend of beauty & intrigue. I have no idea what
these amazing things are. Perhaps we will find out in our lifetime. In the meanwhile, I
appreciate being able to browse through the ever changing circles that you constantly are
upgrading. Thank you!"
Question 22 is always overshadowed by people who complement our work! Its very much
appreciated, and remarks like the above keep us going year after year! Once again, we say
thank you for all of your support!
"Did either of you guys see some television
special earlier this year where they showed how 2 people with a couple of boards and some
rope could make crop circles. They did a time-lapse video shoot and it took these two guys
about 4 fours to make a most impressive crop circle, all videotaped. What do you
This particular program has not been shown in this country
yet, but we have already seen a copy taped on American television. Its a very quick
demonstration on how this tea of individuals set about creating a large design within the
dead of night! The time laps photography basically showed how they set-out the pattern but
working from different points within the formation. It was soon pointed out, that the
floor construction had the appearance of being extremely messy. The individuals stated
later, that they wanted the film company to show the lay of the crop, but there wasn't
enough time to fit it into the program...HMM!
Overall, it did indicate that a dedicated team, could produce a large design in a couple
of hours, but it still left quite a number of open questions, especially from people who
have been researching the finer details of the Crop Circles. Also, it doesn't prove that
the phenomenon is completely man-made, only that we could possibly create a good copy?
"Have crop circles occurred in snow covered
fields? Absence of entry/exit tracks here would certainly lend credibility as to their
Snow Circles are extremely rare! In the Himalayas in 1975,
a grouping of four circles were photographed below a mountain range, but Ice Rings have
been discovered in northern Sweden, and also 3-4 inches deep Salt Bed Rings in America.
These events are few and far between, but nevertheless can not be ignored as a possible
This is from an interested party only. I don't
claim to know anything about anything but what I read, but might these Crop Circles be a
message to another intelligence besides human? Why do we assume they are meant for us? Are
we that egotistical? Maybe we are not the only sentient beings on planet earth! Just a
Many people are aware now, there have been numerous
theories on the source of the phenomenon. Quite a number of people still believe that we
are dealing with Extra terrestrials who are creating these designs within the fields, with
understandable reasons. There have been a number of UFO's witnessed within the vicinity of
the formations, since the late eighties. These events have caused a reaction from the UFO
community to brand the phenomenon the work of Aliens, but what actually are these UFO's ?
In most cases these objects are very extremely small, but can appear in different forms.
Some people have witnessed metallic objects that appear to reflex the sun rays, whereas
others have seen Balls of Light that emit their own light, but in every case the witness
describes them as being self aware.
Are they communicating with ourselves? My own personal opinion is that they are without a
doubt a message of some kind, and that we are learning more about ourselves and our
environment through them. For me personally they are teaching us a lesson in consciousness
itself, and how to interact with the Earth, and the human mind. Their location near to
ancient sites is also a major clue to their teaching, as ancient man once held a profound
wisdom of their environment through geometry and positioning.
The crop circles are showing us a new science, which we have sadly lost, but ancient
"Fascinating! Just fantastic! This is so
interesting. I have just one question: why do our newspaper articles--front pages all over
our planet--not burst with this? What is the filtration which keeps politics and weather
and local events there instead? I would like to know why the New York National News
doesn't spill over with this? Interesting. This is so very important that it is very
curious. I would say there is a collaborated effort to delay our knowledge of these
events. I believe them--of course!--but how can we all cut through this secrecy of the
press so as we might all more constructively collaborate on our collective course of
action? That is what I'd like to know!"
In 1990 the crop circle phenomenon became front page news
within the English national press. A hysteria was built up around the phenomenon, and
indeed the work of Aliens was considered seriously within certain papers. It was regarded
as a genuine phenomenon, and many people in England became fascinated by the mysterious
shapes that were appearing overnight.
The year of 1990 out the phenomenon firmly on a map (excuse the pun) as the previous years
were relatively quiet in comparison. The press were quite content to publish many
formations as they appeared. The next year was equally as popular, but by the end of the
summer of 91, alarm bells I'm sure started to ring for "The powers that be" Back
in the summer of 1990, Operation Blackbird was infiltrated by what was regarded as a
military stunt to debunk the phenomenon, but at the end of the season of 1991 major steps
were brought into to squash public opinion, hopefully for good!
We have all heard of Doug and Dave, and the fiasco that followed in September 1991, when
they claimed to the world that they were responsible for the phenomenon. Many people
believed their claims, mostly from casual followers of the crop circles. Indeed even
myself had doubts on whether we were dealing with a genuine phenomenon, such was the power
of their claims. But cracks started to appear, and Colin Andrews proved on live TV, they
were basically lairs, and couldn't be trusted.
I still feel today that these two gentlemen in their retirement years were part of a major
operation to seriously damage the phenomenon. Their claims to hoaxing would never stand up
in court, and indeed today they have precious little evidence for their work. However I do
believe they have created a few, but never the amount they originally told the world. Lets
not forget that many events would appear over one night, right across the country.
In 1996 the English press started to write some very balanced articles on the phenomenon,
which were extremely positive in nature, but its still regarded as a sensitive subject to
publish widely. But the phenomenon is still suffering from the events in the early
nineties, as many people just see them as the work of drunken lads from the Pub. However I
do believe opinion will shift in time, but its up to ourselves to promote the phenomenon,
and the effects from them.