Many different images of comet Ison or its orbital path were drawn in crops, long before that comet was discovered by astronomers on Earth in September of 2012: why is it so significant to the crop artists?

“Until they see a UFO in their telescopes, they will not believe”---Chinese scientist friend, commenting on the narrow-mindedness of most professional astronomers

The modern crop-circle phenomenon is one of the most enigmatic and misunderstood occurrences in all of human history (for recent reviews, see /time2012a or time2012b). Still it is our underlying ignorance of cosmology which makes “crop pictures” seem mysterious and hard to understand, not the field images themselves.  

What exactly defines “our space” and “our time”? Could intelligent species (or even humans) from another space or time send us pictorial messages in the fields, by means of spacetime wormholes? Indeed, might such field images sometimes predict the future?  

Images of near-future events are sometimes drawn in crops, consistent with the use of spacetime wormhole technology 

The extra-terrestrial crop artists seem to possess spacetime wormhole technology. By means of such technology, they have occasionally revealed certain details of the future to humans on Earth. For example during the summer of 2010, we saw images of “nuclear power” or “radiation in the landscape” drawn in crops. We even saw a “lunar clock with an atomic hour hand”, indicating the month of March 2011. Many such images were drawn in crops, nine months before a nuclear power disaster happened at Fukushima during the suggested month of March 2011 (see japantsunami2011). There was no specific mention in crops, however, of its geographical location in Japan.  

The crop artists also sometimes reveal near-future astronomical events in our solar system. For example, we saw drawn in crops the outburst of comet 73P Schwassmann-Wachmann 3 in 1996, three months before it happened (see time2007a). Likewise we saw drawn in crops the outburst of comet 17P Holmes in 2007, two years before it happened (see time2007g or time2007h). Predictions of high earthquake or solar activity were made correctly in 2011 (see fringe2013e or fringe2013g), although the detailed locations of those earthquakes again remained unspecified.  

Here we will present a series of English and/or European crop pictures which seem to show images of comet C/2012 S1 Ison, as well as its orbital path through our solar system, long before that comet was discovered by astronomers on Earth in September of 2012, Field images of “comet Ison” began to appear in 1996, and were quite numerous by 2008 or 2009. Additional images continued all throughout the summers of 2011, 2012 or 2013.  

We cannot be sure that every crop picture to be discussed below was paranormally made. Yet in some cases, they show such distinct images of the future, that no other possibility seems plausible. No other major comets have appeared in Earth’s sky since 2007, and many of the sky images for comet Ison as drawn in crops tell exactly where it will be located in space (or in Earth’s sky), many years later. The scientific case for future-predictive crop pictures is thus very strong.  

A near-future image of “comet Ison” was drawn in crops as long ago as 1996

The earliest crop picture to show “comet Ison” appeared at West Overton seventeen years ago on July 13, 1996. There we could see a small “comet” flying past our Sun and Moon, in the exact sky location which comet Ison will occupy on December 3, 2013:  

Nearby we can see an Aztec symbol for the galactic centre, from which many “small waves” are emerging. Will we see actual waves from the galactic centre on that day, when comet Ison emerges from behind the Sun? Might this happen because a large cloud of gas called “G2” has just entered a black hole at the galactic centre, as viewed from Earth? (see or or waylandsmithy2007a or time2007m).

Images of comet Ison in crops from 2008 

The next major crop picture to predict “comet Ison” appeared in the summer of 2008. It showed a bright comet passing Earth and Moon, eleven months after the Mayan Long Count calendar would end on December 23, 2012:  

On the left-hand side of that crop picture, we can see a schematic image of our solar system from Mercury to Pluto. for a calendar date of December 23, 2012. On the far left we can see where comet Ison was located in 2008, headed our way. The central “Sun” image from that crop picture became slightly larger when going from Phase I on July 15, 2008, to Phase II on July 22, 2008. Might such an “enlargement of the Sun” represent a prediction of high solar activity in December of 2013? Or was it meant simply to help us interpret the right-hand side, which shows comet Ison passing the orbits of Earth or Venus eleven months later?  

On the right-hand side of that crop picture, we can see a bright comet passing Earth’s orbit around the Sun in late November of 2013, eleven months after the Mayan calendar would end on December 23, 2012. It will be a first-quarter crescent Moon. As an alternative interpretation, the right-hand side of this crop picture might show comet Ison, not far from Venus’s orbit around the Sun in late December of 2013, and a crescent shape for planet Venus (see the various images available on  

Near the bottom of this crop picture, we can see a series of detailed star or constellation patterns, which will be analysed further below.  

Interestingly enough, the left-hand side of Avebury Manor could be “flipped” to reveal the orbital location of comet Ison in 2008, far beyond the orbit of Saturn:  

The right-hand side of Avebury Manor (near the bottom) then showed a series of detailed star patterns, which reveal the exact path of comet Ison through Earth’s sky in late November of 2013:  

The diffuse stat cluster M80 was drawn in crops with a cross-like shape, just as it appears in a standard star map. The bright star delta-Scorpius was drawn in crops with a ring-like shape, because it is a binary star system.  

Several other symbols which were drawn there (“serpent”, “snail”, “spiral”, see above) may represent various constellations through which comet Ison will pass, on its long voyage through our solar system. Their “serpent” symbol could represent our modern constellation Serpens, through which comet Ison pass in early December of 2013 (see Another of our modern constellations (Draco) was called “the snail” in ancient Babylon (see Comet Ison will pass through the constellation Draco (or “snail”) in late December of 2013 (see Finally, comet Ison may trace out a “spiral” in Earth’s sky during 2014 or 2015, depending on how its orbit is affected by passing around the Sun.  

Images of comet Ison in crops from 2009  

Two crop pictures from the summer of 2009 next showed comet Ison flying “like a swallow” through Earth’s skies, sometime after the Mayan calendar ends on  

Another comet-related crop picture came down near Milk Hill in two separate parts or phases. Its first part on June 21, 2009 asked us to look up into Earth’s sky using a “sextant”, two years later on June 2, 2011. Then we would see five planets from Mercury to Uranus, plus the Moon, all lined up in a row:  

The second part of that crop picture on June 23, 2009 showed a “new comet” near Mars and Jupiter. This unexpected event happened four years later during September of 2013, with the novel appearance of comet Ison:

Another small crop picture on June 23, 2009 near Milk Hill (not shown) described the new comet as an “Aztec star in the night”.  

Two clever codes for comet Ison within the Quetzalcoatl Headdress of July 5, 2009  

One of the most famous crop pictures of all time was the “Quetzalcoatl headdress” of July 5, 2009. This crop picture, when studied carefully, seems to show comet Ison flying past our Sun like a “serpent” on the Mayan date of, which equals November 28, 2013 in our Western calendar:  

Their July 5, 2009 crop picture showed a large, round “Sun” (the face of Quetzalcoatl) just below its centre, with an equally large “lunar crescent” drawn slightly above. On either side of the “Sun” we can see 8 or 9 small wedges, which add together to give 17 wedges in total, and suggest a Mayan date of  

Near the top of this crop picture we can see a zig-zag “serpent”, which is called “Awanyu” by north American tribes. The path of that “serpent” suggests a motion of comet Ison through Earth’s sky from right to left.  

Close to the outside on both left and right, we can see “pointed three-dot” comet symbols, which have been joined to five “sextant boxes”, just like those which were drawn on June 23, 2009 near Milk Hill. In this case, those five boxes seem to possess a second meaning as five digits 1-2-3-4-5 of the Mayan Long Count calendar.  

Finally on the very outside, both left and right, we can see two large “comet” shapes. This seems to leave no doubt: the crop picture concerns itself with the appearance of a “comet”!

The central part of this remarkable crop picture shows a Mayan feathered headdress, with seven quetzal feathers on each side, just like that worn by Aztec emperors such as Moctezuma. It also contains a clever dot-and-dash code in the shape of a Mayan pyramid:  

The right-hand side of its dot-and-dash code shows the same 6-4-3-2-1 planetary orbits as were drawn in crops near Milk Hill on June 23, 2009:                                                                                                                       

A small central dot, which divides planetary orbits “2” and “3”, may represent comet Ison passing behind the Sun on November 28, 2013, which is a Mayan date of Five planetary orbits as drawn there (and labelled with thin red or blue lines) represent Mercury (1), Venus (2), Mars (3), Jupiter (4) or Uranus (6).  

The left-hand side of this dot-and-dash code is slightly different. It seems to show a Mayan date of or March 20, 2014, which may be derived from a combination of five numbers 1 = 1, (2 + 2) = 4, or (6 + 6) = 12:  

On the spring solstice of March 20, 2014, a metaphorical “serpent” will descend from heaven to earth along one face of the Pyramid of Quetzalcoatl at Chichen Itza. In the crop picture, we can see how one of seven “dots” along the left-hand side has “descended” from its linear alignment with six other dots (see the downward-pointing blue arrow). Might such symbolism suggest a change in the orbit of comet Ison, after it goes behind the Sun on November 28, 2013? Or a near-future descent to Earth of the real Feathered Serpent?

A related crop picture at Chesterton Windmill on July 9, 2009 (four days later) showed three long diagonal lines on each face of a triangular pyramid, which was rotating inside of a sphere (see fringe2013n), Those three diagonal lines appear similar to the thin, red or blue lines which were drawn in several slides above. At Chesterton Windmill, the triangular pyramid was drawn rotating clockwise from right to left, just as for that “serpent” near the top of the “Quetzalcoatl headdress” on July 5. All three crop pictures therefore: near Milk Hill on June 23, near Silbury Hill on July 5, or near Chesterton Windmill on July 9, show different aspects of the same underlying symbolic information.

A triple conjunction of comet Ison with Mars and Regulus during October of 2013  

During mid-October of 2013, there was a triple conjunction (or joining in Earth’s sky) between comet Ison, planet Mars and a bright star Regulus from the constellation Leo. We can see a night-sky photograph of that conjunction in the slide below, along with a schematic diagram at lower right:  

That triple conjunction in Earth’s sky was described in crops by an amazing field picture which appeared near Silbury Hill on August 3, 2009. It showed what is known as a Mayan “Katun calendar wheel”. Some Katun calendar wheels contain 18, 20 or 13 squares in each ring, to yield multiplicative products such as (18 x 20) = 360 days for their Long Count calendar, or (13 x 20) = 260 days for their Tzolkin calendar: 

This calendar wheel, which was drawn in crops on August 3, 2009, contained 24, 20 or 15 swirled circles within each of three large rings. When multiplied together as (24 x 20 x 15) = 7200, those three numbers yield 7200 days or one “Katun” period from the Mayan Long Count calendar.  

Furthermore, a series of three large circles and one small circle meaning “0”, plus one ring of small “crop knobs” equal to “15”, together suggest a Mayan calendar date of or October 19, 2013:  

The suggested date is close to October 15, 2013, when a triple conjunction took place in Earth’s sky between comet Ison, Mars and Regulus. Outside of their Katun calendar wheel, we can see (above or below) two large “comet” shapes, which contain five circles each, and show various motifs near their flattened centres:  

The fourth flattened circle of their upper comet shape shows a “6-around-1” motif, suggestive of the Pleiades M45 star cluster (see two slides below).  

The first circle of their lower comet shape shows a “smiley face”, meaning simply that “we are friendly”. Another “smiley face” was drawn near their June 23, 2009 crop picture, discussed above. 

The second circle of their lower comet shape shows a “7-7” motif, suggestive of comet Ison passing by a “planet” and a “star” (see the next slide below).  

The fourth circle of their lower comet shape shows a clump of three “crop knobs”, to suggest a sky conjunction of three separate objects (comet, planet and star).  

At the very centre we can see a ring of 15 “crop knobs”, to suggest a Mayan date of which equals October 19, 2013, or possibly “October 15” in our Western calendar.  

The “7-7” ground feature as drawn at Silbury Hill on August 3, 2009 has been seen in crops several times before. It seems to represent a “crown” with seven points, such as that worn by Quetzalcoatl in ancient central America. In the present case, such a “crown” might be meant to represent a bright star “Regulus the king” in Leo, by which comet Ison passed closely:  

The “6-around-1” ground feature as drawn at Silbury Hill on August 3, 2009 has also been seen in crops many times before. It seems to represent the Pleiades M45 star cluster, which may be where these particular crop artists come from:  

Comet Ison as a “trilobite” 

One amusing crop picture from the summer of 2009 compared comet Ison to a “trilobite”. That was a small, beetle-like animal which lived abundantly on Earth 400 million years ago. At Ogbourne St, Andrew on July 29, 2009, the crop artists first showed comet Ison heading for our Sun on a Mayan date of or October 19, 2013:  

Next they compared comet Ison to a “trilobite”, heading for the heat of our Sun in late November of 2013. Will comet Ison shed its exo-skeleton as it orbits the Sun in late November, just as real trilobites did in ancient times on Earth, as a regular part of their life cycle?  

Comet Ison as described at Windmill Hill in August of 2009  

One of the most detailed and impressive crop pictures to predict comet Ison appeared at Windmill Hill on August 6, 2009. There we could see five successively larger circles near its centre, when going from bottom to top in the two images shown below  

This five-circle symbol often means “comet”. It matches a similar five-circle symbol which was drawn in crops in 2005, to predict the outburst of comet 17P Holmes two years later in 2007. It also matches a five-circle symbol which was used to describe comet Ison at Silbury Hill on August 3, 2009, just three days earlier (see above).  

Just outside of the centre, we can see four dumbbell-shaped symbols which mean “four years from 2009 to 2013”. There was also a small clump of four “crop knobs” on one side of the centre (not visible in this aerial view), which was intended to confirm that interpretation.  

Going further out from the centre, we can next see an inner ring of five different astronomical objects. One of those is clearly “Earth and Moon”. What might the other four inner-ring symbols represent?  

By carefully comparing this crop picture to known maps of our solar system on different dates, we found that all five symbols from its inner ring match the orbital locations of comet Ison, Mars, Mercury, Earth-Moon or Venus, for a date of August 6, 2009. That is precisely four years after the original crop picture appeared.  

Along its outer ring we can count nine different astronomical symbols, which presumably match the orbital locations of eight major planets plus comet Ison on some different date. Again by carefully comparing this crop picture to known maps of our solar system, we found that the near-future date seems to be November 28, 2013, when comet Ison will follow a tight circular path around our Sun:  

Images of comet Ison in crops from 2011  

Only one possible image of comet Ison seems to have been drawn in crops during the summer of 2011. At Windmill Hill on July 26, we could see another “Mayan calendar wheel”. Its inner part showed our “Sun” and three thin circles, to suggest Mayan calendar numbers of 0.0.0. Just outside of the “Sun”, we could see two sets of 13 circles, to suggest an overall calendar date of That was when the Mayan Long Count calendar would end on December 23, 2013:  

Its outer parts showed two sets of 14 or 18 circles. These suggest a calendar date of or October 28, 2011, when the Mayan Tzolkin calendar would end. Finally its central part showed a large thin circle, to suggest a tight circular orbit of comet Ison around our Sun on November 28, 2013. The orbital locations of Mercury and Venus were also drawn for that same date.  

Images of comet Ison in crops from the summer of 2012 (before it was “discovered” on Earth)   

At Santena, Italy on June 17, 2012, we saw drawn in crops a near-future path of comet Ison through the constellation Cancer for the dates of August 10, 2013 (when it first emerged from behind our Sun) to September 15, 2013:  

Elsewhere in the same crop picture, we could see the approximate path of comet Ison through Earth’s sky from December of 2012 to August of 2013:  

Four planets at the centre of that crop picture (on the right) represent Mercury, Venus, Earth and Mars on a date of December 21, 2012, when the Mayan Long Count calendar would end. Comet Ison was drawn metaphorically as a large, egg-shaped UFO, just like we saw at Cook’s Plantation on August 23, 2013 (see cooks).  

The outer surface of that “egg-shaped UFO” showed 17 “light rays” which contained five small circles each, plus one “light ray” which contained six small circles. The total number of small circles thus equalled (17 x 5) + (1 x 6) = 91, which is the same as the number of steps on each face of the Pyramid of Quetzalcoatl in Chichen Itza.  

One week later at Fabbrico, Italy on June 24, 2012, we saw the image of some spacecraft leaving the Pleiades M45 star cluster on a Mayan calendar date of, to enter a spacetime wormhole and perhaps travel to Earth (see Fabbrico2012e). Quetzalcoatl the great Mayan leader always promised that he would return in a year One Reed, the first of any 52-year cycle, and 2013 would seem to be such a year, at least until December 18.

Two days later at Knoll Down in England on June 26, 2012, we saw a comet-like crop picture appear in morning daylight around 11 or 12 AM, as judged by a local pilot who flies over that field from nearby Yatesbury airport at regular intervals. No humans were seen in the field below, at any time close to when the crop picture appeared:  

During the late morning hours of June 26, that comet-like motif pointed up in the sky towards the constellation Cancer, where comet Ison would be located one year later in August or September of 2013, It was the same indicated sky location as had been drawn explicitly in crops at Santena, Italy on June 17.  

Images of comet Ison in crops from 2013 (after it was “discovered” on Earth)  

During the summer of 2013, many different images of comet Ison were drawn in crops. We will discuss some of those crop pictures here, while listing references to the others, so that an interested reader may study them further.  

A crop picture at Wessex Ridgeway on July 24, 2013 showed comet Ison (pictured as a “large triangular UFO”) flying through the stars of Gemini toward Cancer, on a date of July 26 two days later:  

There was a Grand Sextile of six planets on July 29, 2013, so this kind of triangular or hexagonal symbolism seems appropriate.  

Strangely enough, comet Ison was drawn at Wessex Ridgeway on July 24 as a “triangular UFO”, much like the one which appeared in crops near West Kennett Long Barrow three weeks later on August 13, 2013:  

Originally in 2009 or 2010, comet Ison was drawn as “flying into a spacetime wormhole”. Now in 2013, comet Ison is being drawn as “flying out of a spacetime wormhole”:  

Next at Chute Causeway on August 10, 2013, we saw the detailed image of a two-tailed comet circling the Sun (see chute):  

The two “tails” of that comet were drawn with slightly different angles and lengths. Several “guide lines” were also drawn (marked with blue or yellow colours in the slide above). Those guide lines tell us how to fold the entire crop picture up into three dimensions as a hexagonal pyramid, just like for an origami model:  

Comet Ison will approach our Sun from below the plane of the solar system, which is why such a crop drawing needs some kind of three-dimensional character.  

A similar crop picture appeared at Hackpen Hill on August 11, 2013, showing a tailed comet approaching and then circling the Sun (see hackpen). In this case, our Sun was drawn like a “star of David”, with a small comet orbiting around it.  

Will comet Ison break up and/or slow down as it orbits the Sun? 

Will comet Ison break up and/or slow down as it orbits the Sun on November 28, 2013? At Etchilhampton on August 19, 2013, we saw the image of a “long-tailed comet” going into circular orbit around the Sun, and then emerging with a “shorter tail”:  

Looking at the same crop picture more closely, we can see that its “cometary tail” becomes slightly shorter as it goes around the Sun, while its orbital velocity (as suggested by six internal curves) decreases:  

The lengths of six thin arrows (or “cometary tails”) vary from long = 11 to short = 7, when measured in terms of inner grid marks. There were 6 x 13 = 78 grid marks around the inner perimeter of that crop picture, or 6 x 15 = 90 grid marks around its outer perimeter.  

In one place at upper left, the comet has been drawn with “three dots”, to suggest that it may break up into three or four pieces when it circles the Sun. A similar “four dot” image appeared for comet Ison at Stadskanaal in the Netherlands on July 29, 2013 (see Stadskanaal). Another crop picture at Stonehenge on August 1, 2013 suggested that one of those cometary fragments may outburst or explode (see stonehenge).

Comet Ison currently shows an orbital eccentricity of 1.0000035. If its eccentricity is close to 0, then the orbit will be circular. If its eccentricity is close to 1, then the orbit will be elliptical. If its eccentricity is greater than 1, then the orbit will be hyperbolic. After perihelion, comet Ison is expected to follow a hyperbolic orbit away from the Sun (see Yet this crop picture from Etchilhampton on August 19, 2013 suggests that the orbit of comet Ison may change from hyperbolic to elliptical as it “slows down”:  

Comet Ison as a “new star”  

On August 13, 2013, the crop artists drew an image of some “stellar explosion” at Hackpen Hill, one day before light from Nova Delphini reached Earth on August 14, 2013:  

No astronomer on Earth knew about Nova Delphini 2013 when this crop picture appeared! Several landscape features suggested the nearby “summer triangle” of stars, and also a bright star Gienah in Cygnus (see comments or hackpenhill4).  

The “stellar explosion” crop picture at Hackpen Hill on August 13 originally showed 22 “light rays”. Then on September 2, 2013, a second phase of the same crop picture showed (yet another) “Katun calendar wheel” with 17, 24 or 29 small squares along each of three rings:                                                                                                                                                 

The total number of days now equals (22 + 17 + 24 + 29) = 92. That is how long it will take from September 2 to December 3, 2013, when comet Ison will emerge from behind our Sun as a “new star”.  

Many different Mayan calendar wheels have been drawn in crops. For example, we have seen not only “Katun calendar wheels”, but also an “Ahau calendar wheel” at Ogbourne St. Andrew on July 24, 2009:  

One week later there was a “12 Ahau” date in the Mayan calendar on August 1, 2009.  

Comet Ison as a “tetrahedron inside of a sphere” 

Previously in a discussion of Chesterton Windmill on July 9, 2009 (see above), we said that it resembled a triangular pyramid or “tetrahedron inside of a sphere”. A similar image appeared near Klepp, Norway on September 15, 2013. There we saw comet Ison described as a “tetrahedron inside of a sphere” which is headed towards the Sun:  

Three other crop pictures of related appearance from 1991, 2009 or 2013 are shown below. In the next slide, we can see the latest sky photograph of comet Ison (at the date of writing), compared with the new Norway crop picture:  

What might those enigmatic crop artists be trying to tell us?  

Other possible “comet” images in crops from the summer of 2013  

Several other possible images of “comet Ison” appeared in crops during the summer of 2013. Not all of these examples may be relevant, yet we will list them here for the interested reader. 

June 6 at Barbiano in Italy (a round comet with a short tail) see Barbiano 

June 8 at Cava Manara in Italy (a two-tailed comet circling the Sun) see CavaManara 

July 3 at Rheinau in Switzerland (a two-tailed comet like a “swallow” circling the Sun) see Rheinau 

July 4 at Imling in France (a comet with two tails) see Imling  

July 22 at Rozsec in the Czech Republic (a comet circling the Sun) see Rozsec 

July 28 at Lime Kiln Wood (a comet headed for close orbit around the Sun) see Cluddley 

August 1 at Milk Hill (some new comet as a bright star with a short tail) see milkhill  

Possible “UFO” images in crops from the summer of 2013          

We will also list three “UFO” images which appeared crops during the summer of 2013, for the interested reader. 

July 7 at Silbury Hill (a Sumerian “Boat of Heaven”, breaking apart and sinking, on the yearly anniversary of a UFO crash near Roswell in 1947) see comments or aveburytrusloe  

August 13 at West Kennett Long Barrow (a large triangular UFO landing on Earth) see westkennettlongbarrow  

August 23 at Cooks Plantation (a large egg-shaped UFO, overlaid with Mayan dates and a man’s face) see cooks

So many amazing crop pictures: why are Earth’s scientists ignoring them?  

Many amazing crop pictures have appeared in various countries around the world for the past 23 years. Why are the vast majority of Earth’s scientists ignoring them? My personal view is that those scientists have become very narrow in how they choose to think (see fringe2013h).  

Three hundred years ago, great men such as Descartes, Newton or Locke or sought enlightenment. To become a "scientist" then was to seek out new ideas with an open mind:  

Today to be a scientist means “conforming to the opinions of other people in power”. Sometimes that requires narrow-minded thinking. Sometimes you must refuse to study the observed facts, because they might not agree with what your peers think.  

Thus we can see today a complete reversal of the situation present in 1860, when prominent theologians ridiculed Darwin’s theory of evolution, while young upstarts such as Thomas Huxley supported it (see Thomas_Henry_Huxley):  

“The Bishop rose and assured us there was nothing to the idea of ‘evolution’. Turning to his antagonist with smiling insolence, he next begged to know: was it through his grandfather or grandmother that Thomas Huxley claimed descent from an ape? Mr. Huxley then rose, and spoke words whose meaning took our breath away. He explained that he was not ashamed to have a monkey for his ancestor. Yet he would be ashamed to be associated with any man, who used great mental gifts to obscure the truth.”   

Let there be no doubt: most scientists today are “theologians” like Bishop Wilberforce. They only believe what they read in their academic journals, just as the good Bishop only believed what he read in his Bible. To be a “real scientist” and study the facts would be something entirely different, and seems far beyond them.  

Red Collie (Dr. Horace R. Drew, Caltech 1976-81, MRC Laboratory of Molecular Biology 1982-86, CSIRO Australia 1987-2010)  

P.S. We would like to thank all of the sincere, helpful people who have contributed to our documentation and/or understanding of crop circles for the past twenty years. They come from all countries on Earth, and to them we should be ever grateful.  

Appendix 1. Many different images of “spacetime wormholes” have appeared in crops  

Many different images of “spacetime wormholes” have appeared in crops (see wormholetechnology). For example, four different “wormhole” crop pictures from the summer of 2006 are shown below:  

Each of these crop pictures has their own distinct meaning in terms of spacetime physics. 

There is now good evidence that paranormal crop pictures are being transmitted to us from another space or time by means of spacetime wormholes. This is actually what they told us in 2002, using a 1359-bit ASCII code (see time2007n or time2007o):  

“Beware the bearers of false gifts and their broken promises. Much pain but still time. Believe. There is good out there. We oppose deception. Conduit closing." 

In this brief message, the crop artists first warned us about a malign alien race (pictured nearby). Then they warned us about serious problems on Earth in the near future. Next they asked us to believe that some extra-terrestrials are “good”. They oppose efforts being made by Earth governments or news agencies to hide the crop circle phenomenon from their own citizens. Finally, they tell us that their message is ending, as a “conduit” or “wormhole” closes through space and/or time.  

Appendix 2. Are some paranormal crop pictures being sent to us by “machine” from a parallel universe?  

Where might be the home star for these extra-terrestrial crop artists? Some of them seem to be visiting our solar system using small spacecraft, yet where is their home star? We cannot be sure, but images of the Pleiades M45 or Hyades star clusters appear often in crops. They might even live in a parallel universe!  

Sean Carroll, a physicist at the California Institute of Technology, accepts the scientific basis for parallel universes, even if the case cannot be proven: “Unless you imagine that some super-advanced alien civilization has figured all of this out, then we won’t be affected by the existence of other universes. Still someone could devise a machine, which lets one universe communicate with another” (see or

Some crop pictures have suggested the existence of a mirror-plane universe, which can be reached through a Schwarzschild wormhole (see comments or ridgeway). Other crop pictures have shown mirror images of the Pleiades M45 or Hyades star clusters (see fringe2013k).

Physicists such as Michio Kaku accept the reality of spacetime wormholes and parallel universes (see “There could be an infinite number of universes, each with different laws of physics.” The image of a sphere passing through our 3-D space from extra dimensions was shown by physicist Lisa Randall in this video (see Similar images have appeared in crops on many occasions: for example on August 6, 2011 with an image of “Flatland” (see  ), or on July 1, 2012 with the image of a hyperbolic cube passing through our 3-D space from other dimensions (see fringe2013b).

Many crop pictures have shown “extra dimensions”, as if they were trying to teach that concept to physicists here on Earth (see fringe2013b or fringe2013c). The crop artists also seem to be studying carefully the progress of physics on Earth, because three Nobel Prizes for Physics were drawn schematically in crops during August of 2009, 2010 or 2011, in each case two months before they were awarded in Sweden (please scroll down on cropcircleresearch).  

References to a parallel universe have appeared sometimes in popular music or TV shows. For example, the rock band Led Zeppelin used a crop circle from Alton Barnes for their album cover in 1990:  

Inside of that album, some of the lyrics suggest “other people” who are watching Earth, west of London. Those other people are blowing “rings of smoke through the trees”, and hoping to “lead us into reason” (see Stairway_to_Heaven):  

There's a feeling I get when I look to the west,
And my spirit is crying for leaving.
In my thoughts I have seen rings of smoke through the trees,
And the voices of those who stand looking.

Oh, it makes me wonder,
Oh, it really makes me wonder. 

And it's whispered that soon, if we all call the tune,
Then the piper will lead us to reason.
A new day will dawn, for those who stand long,
And the forests will echo with laughter.

The idea of a parallel universe figured prominently in a TV science-fiction series called “Fringe” (see Fringe_(TV_series) ). This TV show explored the idea of spacetime wormholes as they might be used to reach a parallel universe, where lighter-than-air zeppelins are flown instead of airplanes! Each person living on Earth in our universe has a “twin” living on some “parallel Earth”, who may be similar or slightly different. The fifth season of that show explored the idea of time travel, and how humans from the future may influence the past or vice-versa.  

Clearly if modern crop pictures are being sent to us from a “parallel Earth” in some other universe, then in that alternate universe, the ancient Mayan culture seems to have remained very strong. Perhaps the Mayan people on that parallel Earth made contact with friendly extra-terrestrial visitors from the Pleiades or Hyades 2000 years ago? In which case, they could now be thousands of years ahead of us technologically. They use certain aspects of electromagnetism to create clean energy, or spacetime wormholes for space travel, while we burn coal, oil or gas to make electricity, and travel to space in chemical rockets. We simply have to catch up.

Appendix 3. A brief summary of evidence for paranormal crop pictures 

While preparing this article and discussing it with others, I came to realize that very few people know how much factual evidence exists for paranormal crop pictures. Certain features of these field pictures have never been reproduced by local humans with rope and boards, or using any kind of hypothetical implement (for example “portable microwave ovens” as proposed in Physics World 2011, see 

Such evidential features fall into six general categories, each based on the study of many different crop pictures over the past twenty years:                                                                                                                                             

Suppose someone asks, “How do you know crop circles are not all fakes?” Now you can show them this simple summary slide, or refer them to two previous reviews (see time2012a or time2012b).

Appendix 4. Crop pictures, exploding comets and time travel 

As comet Ison draws close
r and closer to our Sun during November of 2013, it might be worthwhile remembering that the enigmatic crop artists drew a sketch of comet 17P Holmes at Bluebell Hill in Kent on August 12, 2005, showing its perihelion date and location in space for almost two years later on May 4, 2007:  


This was more than two years before it outburst suddenly and unexpectedly on October 25, 2007. Not one astronomer on Earth regarded comet 17P Holmes with any significance at magnitude 17 during 2005, or indeed in 2007 before it exploded (see time2007g or /time2007h).  

We are led inexorably therefore to a consideration of the paranormal artists as time travellers. This theory is hardly new. It was proposed by remote viewers in 1992 (see “Crop circles are purposefully created by a collection of alien races who appear to be capable of time travel. The pictographs serve primarily as reference markings and for event line orientation.”  

Linda Howe was told the same idea in 1993: “I was in Wiltshire to explore the crop circle mystery, at a time when strange patterns in crops had been reported in 23 different countries. I met a man who told me that the CIA was trying to photograph, by satellite, every crop formation in chronological order, so that computers could look for patterns. He explained that the agency’s theory is that we are dealing with time travellers” (see X-Files ).  

Researcher Martin Keitel proposed a similar hypothesis in 2010 with his excellent movie “Cereal wormholes Part Two: Conduit Closing” (see The thesis of his movie is that humans from our future may have sent the Crabwood 2002 crop picture back in time, in order to warn us “much pain but still time”. To do so, they used a “conduit” or space time wormhole.

Thus there exists a demonstrated potential for other crop-based images to predict the near-future behaviour of comet Ison in December of 2013. We will not know for another six to eight weeks whether such a potential becomes realized or not.  

Physicists such as Michio Kaku, Lisa Randall, Kip Thorne or Stephen Hawking, please take note! Thorne is already involved with a new movie titled “Interstellar” in which explorers travel through a spacetime wormhole to reach another dimension (see or This is also a general theme in the TV show “Fringe” (see Fringe_(TV_series).).

Update 1. As more detailed photographs of comet Ison are taken in November or December of 2013, we will add brief updates here, comparing what was drawn in crops months or even years beforehand, to what now appears in Earth’s night skies.

Update 2. Comet Ison begins to show a small second “ion tail” 

For further information, see .

By November 10, 2013, comet Ison clearly showed two “tails” (see

Update 3. Comet Ison brightens suddenly with a long double tail on November 14, 2013 



Update 4. Comet Ison’s tail on November 16, 2013 was suddenly full of streamers: now it is flying like a “jellyfish” towards the Sun, as foreseen by two crop pictures from the summer of 2009 

“Naked-eye sightings of comet ISON are coming in from around the world. Experienced observers put the comet's magnitude at +5.5 on November 16. This means that it is now ten times brighter than it was three days ago. To the naked eye, ISON appears as a faint smudge of pale green light, low in the pre-dawn sky. The view through a telescope is more dramatic: the comet's tail has become a riotous crowd of gaseous streamers, which stretch for more than 3.5 degrees across the sky” (see of November 17, 2013):

“With all of our reports and images of comet ISON in outburst, this latest image from photographer Damian Peach shows just how much activity is taking place as that comet races towards the Sun. ‘Hard to believe it is the same comet from my last photograph of November 10!’ Damian said via email. ISON’s tail is suddenly full of streamers and other features not seen before” (see or

Comet Ison was drawn circling the Sun in 2009, just as it was drawn in 2013

In a crop picture from Milk Hill on June 2, 2009, comet Ison was drawn circling the Sun like a “large bird” in an anti-clockwise sense. We can also see there an inner clockwise rotation of the Sun about its own axis, in the same sense as planetary motions, with a 27-day Carrington period:

In a crop picture from Etchilhampton on August 13, 2013, we can again see comet Ison circling the Sun in an anti-clockwise sense. The length of its tail, and speed of its orbit, seem to decrease during one full rotation. There may be a “giant sunspot” close to where comet Ison enters or leaves the Sun.

A “giant sunspot” drawn near the centre of Etchilhampton on August 19, 2013 may be the source of a solar flare, at about the same time when comet Ison circles the Sun

Several “solar flare” or “giant sunspot” crop pictures were drawn in crops during the summer of 2009, along with multiple images of “comet Ison”. These were all shown three years before comet Ison was discovered by astronomers on Earth in September of 2012:

Might this imply a solar flare at about the same time, when comet Ison circles the Sun? If so, which giant sunspot did they draw in August 2013? Currently the only giant sunspot is AR1899, but with eleven days still to go, the situation remains unpredictable (see of November 17, 2013).

One of their “solar flare” crop pictures (at top left) seems quite conventional. Another (at centre left) compares that solar flare to the “tail of a dragonfly”. A third crop picture (at bottom left) emphasizes that any flare arises from solar magnetism. Two symbols for “North N” or ”South S” magnetic poles were drawn above or below the length of the flare. A general symbol for the “right-hand rule of magnetism” was drawn on the right (as two “Siamese lizards”). The “round Sun” shows 17 small circles or spikes, to suggest possibly a Mayan date of (November 28, 2013).

On November 17, 2013, comet Ison grows “wings” as for a “bird in flight”  


At the end of each “wing”, we can see a series of symbols that end with two bars and three dots, meaning “Mayan 13”. Thus the time specified for this bird-like comet is now, as the first 360-day period after December 23, 2012.  

At the end of its long cometary “tail”, we can see an alien (or human) face which resembles that drawn at Cooks Plantation on August 23, 2013.

Update 5. A “giant sunspot” drawn near the centre of Etchilhampton Hill on August 19, 2013 is sunspot AR1899: only time travellers could have known this  

Sunspots are not easily predictable by astronomers here on Earth. Nevertheless, some unknown crop artists drew a “giant sunspot” near the centre of a spectacular crop picture at Etchilhampton Hill on August 19, 2013 (see We know now that they were drawing giant sunspot AR1899, which will lie along the right-hand edge of our Sun as seen from Earth, when comet Ison orbits there on November 28, 2013:

An anti-clockwise flow of crop around that “sunspot” matches correctly the sense of solar Carrington rotation, from left to right where 27 days equals one full turn.  

When we study the layout of this crop picture in a broader sense, we can see that the crop artists chose a field where certain crop damage (shown at upper right in the slide below) resembles a “tailed comet”:  

Comet Ison will approach our Sun from below the solar equator, with sunspot AR1899 on the right, as confirmed by a schematic image of its orbit from the NEO website (see  

How could anyone on Earth possibly have known such important details back on August 19, 2013, when the “comet Ison” crop picture was drawn at Etchilhampton? These results leave us with no logical ambiguities: the paranormal crop artists must be time travellers.

Update 6. Comet Ison fragments while going around the Sun, then emerges with a shorter and strongly-forked tail 

On November 28-29, 2013,, comet Ison orbited closely around our Sun, then emerged quite unexpectedly with a shorter and strongly-forked tail. Two crop pictures from Milk Hill on June 2, 2009 or Etchilhampton on August 19, 2013 predicted correctly that it would fragment while orbiting the Sun, while their August 19, 2013 picture suggested that it would emerge with a shorter tail:  

Two other crop pictures from Ogbourne St, George on July 29, 2009 or Chute Causeway on August 10, 2013 predicted correctly that it would circle the Sun and emerge with a sharply-forked tail:  

Cometary scientists did not pay any attention to these crop pictures, and hence got most or all of their predictions incorrect:

“Before the solar flyby, experts made many predictions about what might happen to the comet, ranging from utter disintegration to glorious survival. No one predicted both. Karl Battams of the Comet ISON Observing Campaign says, ‘Matthew Knight and I are ripping our hair out, as we know that many people want to know what happened. Here is our hypothesis: as comet ISON plunged toward the Sun, it began to fall apart, losing reasonably sized chunks. Then as it plunged through the solar corona, it continued to fall apart, losing its coma and tail. What emerged from the Sun was a small but coherent nucleus, which has resumed emitting dust and gas. This dynamic and unpredictable object continues to amaze and confuse us.’” (see  of November 30. 2013).

Two strange anomalies of comet Ison caused NASA astronomers to get it wrong 

How could expert astronomers get the observed behaviour of comet Ison so wrong? Mainly because comet Ison is not a “normal comet”. It shows two remarkable anomalies. The first concerns two new “tails” of comet Ison, which do not point away from the Sun as expected:  

We can see those tails in SOHO or STEREO videos with different perspectives (see Comet Ison looks more like a “motorboat turning in the waves” than an ordinary comet.  

The second anomaly is that comet Ison seems to emit weakly in UV (ultraviolet) wavelengths, compared with the visible or near-infrared wavelengths which were used to make SOHO or STEREO videos. This seems to be why NASA astronomers reported incorrectly that comet Ison had “disintegrated” when passing around the Sun. They saw no UV emissions from that comet, although visible or near-infrared emissions remained strong:  

Most comets emit strongly at UV wavelengths when they pass around the Sun. The two primary elements which cause such emissions are ionized oxygen O from water ice, and ionized iron Fe from rocks (see “Extreme UV emission from Sun-grazing comets” on Since comet Ison did not emit strongly at UV wavelengths, it would be reasonable to assume that its “core” may be made from substances other than water ice or iron-containing rocks.

Update 7. Another example of time travel in crops: the successful and unexpected prediction of Nova Centauri on December 2, 2013, by Phase II of the same crop picture which predicted Nova Delphini on August 14, 2013 

Quite unexpectedly, a new stellar nova appeared in the constellation Centaurus on December 2, 2013 (see

We had expected from Phase II of a crop picture which appeared at Hackpen Hill on September 1, 2013 (photographed one day later) that there would be a “new star” in Earth’s night sky on December 2 or 3, 2013. Phase II showed a total of 22 + 17 + 24 + 29 = 92 small circles or squares to suggest “92 days”.  

Phase I of the same crop picture had already predicted Nova Delphini on August 14, 2013, one day before light from that distant stellar explosion reached Earth:

Phase I was also drawn within a certain part of the Wiltshire landscape, which suggested a “summer triangle” of stars where Nova Delphini took place (see articles). Thus there was no doubt as to which astronomical event it might refer.  

What would be the “new star” predicted by Phase II of the same crop picture, 92 days later on December 2, 2013? We thought at first that it might be an outburst by comet Ison (see above). Yet now it has become clear that the “new star” is none other than a second stellar nova of the same kind, namely Nova Centauri:  

The evidence for time-travel predictions in English or European crop pictures seems overwhelming! Once further information is received concerning the status of comet Ison, we will report on that subject again.

Update 8. Other images in crops of comet Ison circling or emerging from behind the Sun 

While we wait to see whether any remnants of comet Ison will be found, following its heated and spectacular path around the Sun on November 28-29, 2013, we can show several interesting comparisons between how certain crop pictures portrayed it emerging from behind the Sun, and what was actually observed in satellite-based telescopes such as SOHO or STEREO:  

It certainly seems strange that the crop artists spent so much time and effort, to describe in detail a minor Sun-grazing comet which will perhaps never be seen again? On the other hand, new cometary outbursts can be quite unpredictable, as we learned with comet 17P Holmes on October 23-24, 2007. It went from “almost invisible” to being one of the brightest objects in Earth sky within a day (also portrayed extensively in crops during the summer of 2005). 

If comet Ison is scheduled to undergo any kind of bright outburst, many crop pictures suggest that this may happen around December 16-24, 2013, when any unseen remnants of comet Ison will be located near the “head” or “open jaws” of constellation Serpens. At least three or four different crop pictures (not shown here) seem to portray a wing-like comet Ison passing the top part of Serpens, and then passing over Earth’s north pole in late December, even though no astronomer on Earth has seen any evidence for those faint remnants since December 2-4.

Update 9. A crop picture at Chualar in California on December 28, 2013 says “ISON STS”, thereby suggesting that comet Ison may be a “space transportation system” 

On December 28, 2013, a spectacular but controversial crop picture appeared in Chualar, California. It gave many coded messages, one of which said “ISON STS”. This suggests that comet Ison may be akin to the NASA space shuttles which are known as “space transportation systems” (see chualar or diagrams). What a bizarre thing to say in what was supposedly a marketing stunt for the NVIDIA corporation!  

The Chualar crop picture also supplied a series of calendar codes for January 23, 2014, which is in the Mayan Long Count calendar. Might we see some remnant of comet Ison on that day?  

Two related crop pictures from West Kennett Long Barrow on August 13, 2013, or Cooks Plantation on August 23, 2013, also showed calendar codes for some possible upcoming event. These crop pictures gave “12” or “13” numbers, which we initially interpreted as “12-2013” for December 2013. 

However, starting from an end to the Mayan Long Count calendar on December 23, 2012, we can add 12 months to reach December 23, 2013, then add one more month to reach January 23, 2014 (as suggested at Chualar):  

In summary, January 23, 2014 will mark 13 months past when the Mayan Long Count calendar ended on December 23, 2012. The crop picture at West Kennett Long Barrow showed only a “large triangular UFO” and “12/13 months”. Yet the crop picture at Cooks Plantation showed first a large outside circle for “Mayan 13”, namely or December 23, 2012. Then it showed an inside “pendulum clock” which has advanced by 12 or 13 months past that date. With one week to go, it will be interesting to see what happens next.

Two “comet Ison” crop pictures from Little Wenlock during May or June of 2012 show nearby landscape features, which resemble some of the Morse codes from Chualar in December of 2013 

The first crop picture near Little Wenlock was not found for several weeks, so it looks messy (see Malthous 2012). Yet it seems to show an image of comet Ison leaving the Sun on November 28-29, 2013, then heading for Earth along one of its day-night polar axes. The original crop picture (drawn around two telephone poles) may have shown a two-ring “polar clock” reading “11-11”, for month 11 / 12 = November and day (11 / 12) x 30 = 28, but due to the age of this crop picture when found, it is hard to be sure.  

In the landscape just above this crop picture, we can see two rows of trees which resemble the “E T  B” Morse code that was seen at Chualar on December 28, 2013:  

Here “E T  B” implies that “extra-terrestrials be” (or exist). The phrase “ETB” is also ASCII control character 23, which agrees with a “polar clock” date in that 2013 crop picture for “day 23”.  

A second crop picture was found near Little Wenlock on June 17, 2012. It showed a “four-ringed comet” with some strange three-dimensional protrusions inside of its leading ring (see wenloc k2012). When we study both crop pictures together on Google Earth 2013, it appears as if a “three-tailed comet” from the first crop picture will fly past “polar Earth”, to reach a second “four-ringed comet” sometime later.  

In the landscape just below this second crop picture, we can see a long row of trees which resemble the “S T S” Morse code that was seen at Chualar on December 28, 2013:

Here “STS” means “space transportation system”. 

If these plausible inferences about landscape features near the two Little Wenlock crop pictures are correct, then there would appear to be zero possibility that Chualar on December 28, 2013 was made by human artists with tape and boards, as an advertising stunt for the NVIDIA corporation. 

Elsewhere in the landscape around those two crop pictures from Little Wenlock, we can see the rectangular shape of a large “chip” next to the first field image. We can also see a long line of trees which resemble a “serpent”, pointed at the second field image.


Mark Fussell & Stuart Dike

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